June 21, 2008
Socrates and Déjà Vu
Slide 3- Lived Prior Lives: What happens to the soul when we die? Does the soul come back into the form of another body? How is someone born already knowing certain things? Let’s take a look at some of these questions by first looking at a man named Socrates. Point 1- Law of opposites: Socrates believed that human beings have lived prior lives so to try to explain and validate the point on living prior lives he used the law of opposites. The Law of Opposites shows how everything in the universe must have an opposite. “And the weaker comes from the stronger and the faster from the slower”. (134) Point 2 -“that the living come into being again from the dead” (133) Using the law of opposites Socrates is able to explain that the opposite of death is life so one must reenter the world from the land of the dead. Point 3- What is remembered from previous lives?
Socrates advised that if ones soul had not deceased from the previous life wouldn’t some information be retained to the next life? Point 4- Knowledge: Socrates advised that all knowledge that has ever been known and will ever be known is already preexistent in your memory; thus time is an illusion, merely the unfolding process of remembering everything.
Slide 4- Recollecting Prior knowledge: Is the learning process simply re-gathering previous information? Point 1- Theory of Recollection: Well, Socrates uses the Theory of Recollection to further show that before one is born the knowledge is already there. One is never taught anything new, but instead reminded of things already known. Socrates deduces this from the argument that “our souls exist in the other world” (135) Point 2- Theory of Forms: The Theory of Forms helps us to try and understand what Socrates is trying to convey about living previous lives by using the evidence of without ever looking at a perfect circle or even a straight line one already knows what there are supposed look like. Point 3-tale of Socrates and Meno's slave: One such example of having lived a previous life is Socrates example of the Meno’s slave. In the Meno, Socrates presents a slave, having no mathematical background whatsoever, with a series of simple geometrical diagrams and questions, asking him to make basic conclusions after each. In essence, this slave, with no mathematical training, is able to prove the very theorem which had puzzled the great minds of their day. Consequently, according to Socrates, as the slave could not have acquired the knowledge of how to prove this theorem during his lifetime on earth, the only way that he could have done this proof is to have had the knowledge of it available to him before he was born. Socrates proposes that as he is not learning something new, he is merely recollecting knowledge that he already had from a previous existence. Point 4-“Does it not follow from all this that recollection may be caused either by similarity or by dissimilar objects?” (139): Socrates belief in immortal knowledge-e.g., ideas of 'good', 'beauty', 'equality' were recollected and one is reminded of these things by looking at a familiar object. Slide 5-Theory of Recollection in today’s society: Can we relate Socrates beliefs to today modern time? Point 1- Socrates Theory of Recollection and the research from today's scientist: Looking at our previous point of Socrates belief in “recollection may be caused either by similar or dissimilar objects” (139) can this bring to mind anything today’s scientist are researching? Déjà Vu Point 2-Defination of déjà vu: Have you ever visited a store for the first time and had it feel eerily familiar? Or maybe you're deep in conversation with a friend and you suddenly get the feeling that you've had the exact conversation before, even though you know that you haven't. If you've ever found yourself in either of these situations, you've experienced déjà vu. Point 3- déjà vu can be from sight, sound, taste, or...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document