Degenerative Diseases and Their Effects

Topics: Bone, Osteoporosis, Vitamin D Pages: 2 (660 words) Published: October 31, 2014


Degenerative Diseases and Their Effects

There are many degenerative diseases that can affect everyday life for millions of individuals. There are many causes, symptoms, risk factors, complications, and most important, ways to prevent them from happening to you. Take an 84-year-old thin, small boned, white, female, for example. The effects of osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and muscular atrophy could be highly detrimental for this individual.

Osteoporosis is a disease that occurs when the creation of new bone doesn’t keep up with the removal of old bone. In other words your body is making bones slower that the body is able to make new bones. (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/basics/definition/con-20019924) Symptoms of osteoporosis include; back pain, becoming shorter over time, being stooped over in appearance, and easily fracturing bones. (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/basics/symptoms/con-20019924) When a person is in their 20’s that is when they are capable of producing the most bone cells. The more bonce cells that they have stored when they are older, the less likely they are to experience osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is more common the older you are. It is also more likely to be present in a woman than in a man. Caucasians and Asians are also more susceptible. Other risk factors include; family history and lifestyle choices (alcohol use, exercise, and tobacco). Complications that an 84-year-old, thin, small boned, white female may experience in her everyday life, on top of the normal effects of aging, would be bone fractures, spinal cord may crumple, and back pain would be present. Osteoporosis can be prevented by: increasing calcium and vitamin D intake as well as exercising on a regular basis. Osteoarthritis occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of your bones wears down over time. (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoarthritis/basics/definition/con-20014749)...

References: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/basics/causes/con-20019924
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/basics/definition/con-20019924
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/basics/symptoms/con-20019924
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/basics/risk-factors/con-20019924
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/basics/complications/con-20019924
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoarthritis/basics/definition/con-20014749
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoarthritis/basics/symptoms/con-20014749
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoarthritis/basics/risk-factors/con-20014749
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoarthritis/basics/complications/con-20014749
http://www.healthline.com/symptom/muscle-wasting
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