The nation of Malaysia, which encompasses part of the island of Borneo
Malaysia holds tropical rainforests as well as peat swamp forests, both of which feature diverse ecosystems threatened by a number of human activities
~High rate of deforestation
~Threatens a number of endangered species, such as the orangutan, which lives only on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra
Major Reasons for Deforestation in Malaysia
1)Oil plant plantation
~there has been rapid expansion of oil plantation has led deforestation to skyrocket in Malaysia ~Palm oil is an ingredient in numerous products from foods to cosmetics, and it has even been heralded(To proclaim; announce) as a biofuel ~Oil palm growers have cut massive swaths of natural forest to make room for oil palm plantations, replacing the diverse natural ecosystem with a monoculture crop ~According to the World Watch Institute, Malaysia was the world's largest producer of palm oil until in 2006, when Indonesia took the lead. However, Malaysia remains one of the world's top producers, which comes at the expense of its forests
2)Logging and Mining
~Harvesting timber -- often through illegal logging -- remains a serious threat to the island of Borneo ~Dr. Luca Tacconi, director of the Asia Pacific Network for Environmental Governance, he wrote in his book, timber is brought from the Indonesian to the Malaysian side of Borneo for processing. However, Malaysia's own illegal logging issues remain serious as well. Mining also contributes to the degradation of Malaysia's natural forests.
3) Forest Fire
~According to NASA, multiple factors often cause deforestation simultaneously. One factor may stem from another, exacerbating the problem. The same goes for Malaysia. ~These fires frequently stem from human activities such as clearing land for oil palm plantations and other slash-and-burn agriculture. In other words, fires intended to be controlled often grow out of control. ~ Fires have been particularly...
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