Definition of Intelligence
CCMH/535 - Psychometrics
June 28, 2014
Craig Childress, Psy. D.
Definition of Intelligence
Intelligence, depending on who is defining the word, is a word that has a variety of definitions. The definitions can vary from problem solving, education, to logic and communication. However, this paper will entail four different definitions of different time period and or cultures. The four definitions commonalities and differences will be discussed. This paper will compare and contrast the four definitions. The differences and similarities will be discussed. Furthermore, a conclusion about the nature of constructs such as intelligence will be provided. The four definitions
In the 1800’s French psychologist Albert Binet defined intelligence as having the following skills and actions as vital: common sense, self-motivation, the aptitude of readjusting one's self to conditions, have good judgment, have good reasoning skills, and comprehension. Furthermore, Binet decided there were 4 components of intelligence which are important: 1) regulation: mount a goal, 2) alterability: adapting a goal, 3) conception: comprehending the problem 4) self-assessment: evaluating a situation. In the 1970s, American Howard Gardner’s definition of intelligence is “a biopsycho-logical potential to process information in certain ways, in order to solve problems or fashion products that are valued in a culture or community” (Mason & Wilcox, 2009, pp. 3). Gardner sees this as a possession of specific skills of being able to function in the real world. Gardner believes a human cognitive capability must problem solving skills, and generate a successful invention. Gardner came up with seven different types of intelligence: verbal, visual, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, math, and body awareness. In 1945, Israeli psychologist Reuven Feuerstein, defined intelligence as the distinctive tendency of humans to alter...
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