Top-Rated Free Essay

Definition of Flexpatriates

Good Essays
In the existing literature, different approaches exist to define flexpatriation. The variety is emphasized by diverse expressions for the same term such as frequent flyer (Petrovic et al., 2000) or international business traveller (Welch & Worm, 2006). The characteristics lying behind those names, however, are similar. In the following, the term flexpatriate will be used. This also has the advantage of achieving a clear distinction towards the terminology of “frequent flyer” programs. Moreover, the prefix “flex-” demonstrates the dominant characteristic of being a flexible “expatriate”. Flexibility in this context does not only refer to flexibility regarding the destination but also regarding rhythm, scheduling and planning of travel (Mayerhofer et al., 2004a).
25
To achieve a first overview of the terminology flexpatriation, it is useful to analyze one of the broadest approaches in understanding this term made by Teng (2005). Highlighting the current development regarding IAs, Teng states “[…] we no longer talk in terms of expats but flex-pats” (Teng, 2005, online source). That is to say, in general, IAs require flexibility which is offered by flexpatriates. Teng defines flexpatriates as “[…] a new breed of younger expatriates who have fewer encumbrances and are more enthusiastic to work abroad” (Teng, 2005, online source). A more pragmatic approach was developed by
Welch and Worm (2006). They define flexpatriates “[…] one for whom business travel is an essential component of their work” (Welch and Worm, 2006, p. 284). Aligned with this is the definition of Petrovic et al. (2000) who identify a flexpatriate as an “[…] employee who undertakes frequent international business trips but does not relocate” (Petrovic et al.,
2000, p. 20).
The following aspects elaborate further on flexpatriation and therefore give a tighter definition. Mayerhofer (2010) characterizes flexpatriates additionally as flexible employees who have a permanent position in their home country while fulfilling parts of their job abroad without relocating. Normally, a flexpatriate’s travel assignment includes trips to various countries. These trips abroad are normally without company by family and lead to an unclear separation between work and non-work areas. In contrast, commuters are employed in a country other than their country of residence and fulfil their whole job abroad. Flexpatriates take a trip to other nations and experience, firstly, different cultures, and secondly, isolation from their family and private life. They can be found in all kind of industries and different hierarchical levels (Mayerhofer et al., 2004a; Mayerhofer, 2010;
Welch & Worm, 2006).
Characteristics that are significant for defining flexpatriate assignments are their duration, irregularity and purpose. Assignments that fall within the definition of a flexpatriate assignment last less than a week and do not include any kind of relocating neither the assignee’s family nor the assignees themselves. Furthermore, assignments are triggered
26
internally for a purpose within the same company as discussed in 2.2.2.1 (Mayerhofer,
2010; Mayerhofer, 2004a; Petrovic et al., 2000). Flexpatriates appear to be more an exception in comparison to the entire workforce. This is emphasized due to the fact that companies do not seem to know how to manage flexpatriates appropriately. Moreover, literature highlights the fact that the normal work routine at their home office continues while they travel (Mayerhofer, 2010; Mayerhofer, 2004a; Collings et al., 2007).
As can be seen by the definitions given, all authors stress on the element of frequent travelling in explaining flexpatriation and flexpatriates. However, these definitions also have in common that they do not explicitly state which volume of travel qualifies an employee as a flexpatriate. “Frequent” however is defined as “happening often; regular”
(Pons, 2011, online source) and “occurring or done many times at short intervals”
(Wordreference, 2011, online source). In order for employees to fulfil the definition of flexpatriate entirely, they should fulfil the definition of “frequent”.
In the following chapter, characteristics related to flexpatriate assignments are going to be identified. Companies should consider these special requirements when managing their flexpatriates. This is why, in a next step, it is investigated if these particularities are considered in the policies of MNCs. To start with, the author therefore discusses the key characteristics of flexpatriates.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Definitions

    • 2308 Words
    • 10 Pages

    need to define it.” Critically analyse this assertion in light of the problems associated with the precise definition The study of religion may be as old as humankind itself according to one author. Defining religion is difficult as there are many definitions as there are many authors. The word religion is the most difficult to define because of the lack of a universally accepted definition. Specifically the root meaning of the word religion can be traced to Latin. Relegare or religion means to…

    • 2308 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Definition

    • 702 Words
    • 3 Pages

    punishment from a court standing. While the one raised in a bad environment would possibly say punishment of extreme measures like death for example. The problem with right and wrong, like I stated before, there can be no real correct answer. My definition of right, probably agrees with mostly everyone. My…

    • 702 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    definition

    • 814 Words
    • 4 Pages

    are considered insanity. In modern usage insanity is most commonly encountered as an informal unscientific term denoting mental instability, or in the narrow legal context of the insanity defense. In the derivation of the word insanity lies its definition. In English, the word sane derives from the Latin adjective sanus meaning healthy. The word insanity was first used in the 1550s. Naturally the word insane means unhealthy. From Latin insanus meaning mad, insane, then comes the root of in meaning…

    • 814 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Definition

    • 632 Words
    • 3 Pages

    What does it mean to be an educated person? According to Merriam- Webster’s Dictionary definition, to be educated is someone who has learned how to acquire, analyze, synthesize, evaluate, understand, and communicate knowledge and information. I believe that being well-educated means, you need to have a degree in a specific field and also be able to excel and easily adapt to a different field with substantial amount of knowledge to it. For some people, being educated means you need to have a college…

    • 632 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    definitions

    • 6339 Words
    • 26 Pages

    especially investigation or experiments aimed to the discovery and interpretation of the facts, revision of the accepted theories or low in the light of new facts or practical application of such new or revised theories of low. Wikipedia 3. “The definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge.” Martyn Shuttleworth 4. “ Research is the process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding…

    • 6339 Words
    • 26 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    LOYALTY Loyalty can be defined by anyone but there’s only one definition of loyalty. Google’s definition of loyalty is the quality of being loyal to someone or something. The second definition for loyalty is a strong feeling of support or allegiance; fights with in-laws cause divided loyalties. My definition of loyalty relates to the first definition; however, it consists of more than just that. Loyalty means respect and competence pertaining to a certain…

    • 530 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Definitions

    • 383 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Mirror - is an object that reflects light in a way that preserves much of its original quality subsequent to its contact with the mirror. Plane mirror - plane mirror is a mirror with a planar reflective surface. Concave mirror - A concave mirror, or converging mirror, has a reflecting surface that bulges inward (away from the incident light). Concave mirrors reflect light inward to one focal point, therefore they are used to focus light. Convex mirror reflection - A convex mirror,…

    • 383 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    definitions

    • 390 Words
    • 2 Pages

    1. The general public in the United State will be able to purchase all of the Windows 7 editions in retail stores except Starter, Home Basic, and Enterprise. 2. The core module that provides all of the Window 7 capability that isn’t language-or edition-specific is called Min Vin. 3. When you copy a file to a library, Windows Explore writes the file to the folder designated as the save location. 4. To use federated search, you must download or create XML files for specific sites called search connectors…

    • 390 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    “We are all ordinary. We are all boring. We are all spectacular. We are all shy. We are all bold. We are all heroes. We are all helpless. It just depends on the day” (Brad Meltzer). Hero, such a strong word with many definitions. A hero is an everyday, selfless, and courageous leader. Not someone who fears the unknown, but someone who is determined to do what is right. They take risks when no one else will. We are all heroes at some point. A hero is one who is not selfish, but one who sacrifices…

    • 454 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Abbreviation ID Prefix Definition Word Root Definition(s) Suffix Definition n/a Definition (Technical) Pertaining to within the skin Definition (Layman) New Term from One Word Root Term: biopsy Prefix n/a Word Root(s) Bi Combining Vowel(s) o- Combining Form(s) Bi/o Suffix -ospy Analysis Diagram Bi/o/psy Plural Form Biopsies Abbreviation Bx Prefix Definition n/a Word Root Definition(s) Life Suffix Definition View of, viewing Definition (Technical) View…

    • 687 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays