Definition and History of Psychology

Topics: Psychology, Scientific method, Sigmund Freud Pages: 3 (991 words) Published: December 7, 2007
This paper is about the definition of Psychology and the history. It will include the three major stages of psychology, as well as the psychological theories and the main leaders of each theory. In the conclusion I will expand my discussion by stating and explaining my opinion to two of the theories talked about in this paper. Body:

The word psychology means the science of behavior and mental processes. It also explains how we perceive, learn, remember, solve problems, communicate, feel, and relate to other people, from birth to death, intimate relationships and in groups. Psychologists also rely on the scientific method, an approach to knowledge that relies on collecting data, generating a theory to explain the data, producing testable hypothesis based on the theory, and testing those hypotheses empirically, when seeking to answer questions.

In the late twentieth century, psychology expanded dramatically. There were discoveries of new research, technologies, new fields of inquiry, and new approaches to studying behavior and mental processes. These new discoveries led to greater specialization, more collaboration with other sciences, and the academic equivalent of an identity crisis. The three psychological theories are:

1.Voluntarism and Structuralism by Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Bradford Titchener – Wundt tried to explain immediate experience and to develop ways to study it scientifically, though he also believed that some mental processes could not be studied through scientific experiments. He also explained that attention is actively controlled by intensions and motives, which gave rise to his use of the term voluntarism in describing his view of psychology; it is this that sets human attention apart from attention in other organisms. Attention controls other psychological processes, such as perceptions, thoughts, and memories. Titchener's ideas were different than Wundt's in many ways. He stated that psychologists should...
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