defining politics

Powerful Essays
Definig Politics
Ing. Mansoor Maitah Ph.D. et Ph.D.

Defining politics

• Politics, in the broadest sense, is the activity through which pepole make, preserve and amend the general rules under which they live.

Lasswellian Definition

"Politics is the process of who gets what, when, and how."

politics = allocation

wealth status values (resources)

power

scarcity
Politics is a process of allocating scarce values.

Defining Politics

"A political system can be designated as those interactions through which values are authoritatively allocated for a society."
(David Easton)
"A political association exists if ... the enforcement of its order is carried out continually within a given territorial area by the application and threat of physical force."
(Max Weber)

COLLECTIVITY

Defining Politics

"A political system is any persistent pattern of human relationships that involves ... power, rule, or authority."
(Robert Dahl)
"A political association exists if . . . . its order is carried out ...by the application and threat of physical force."
(Max Weber)

Defining politics

• Politics is linked to the phenomena of conflict and cooperation.
• Conflict: Competition between opposing forces, refelecting a diversity of opinions, preferences, needs or interest.
• Cooperation: Working together, acheaving goals through collective action.
• On the one hand, the exitence of rival opinoins, different wants, competing needs and opposing interest guarantees disagreemnet about the rules under which people live. On the other hand people recognize that, in order to influence these rules or ensure that they are upheld, they must work with others. • Disagree: How they should live, Who sould get what? How sould power and other resources be distributed?

Defining politics

• Authority: authority can be most simply defined as „legitimate power“.
Where as power is the ability to influence the behaviour of others,

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