Defining Key Medical Treatments

Topics: Blood pressure Pages: 2 (521 words) Published: September 19, 2015
Unit 4 Assignment

An anoscopy- is an examination using a small, rigid, tubular instrument called an anoscope ( also called an anal speculum). This is inserted a few inches into the anus in order to evaluate problems of the anal canal. A stool specimen is usually obtained in order to check for blood.

Laryngeal Mirror- reflects the inside of the mouth and throat for exam purposes. (the voice box).

Nasal Speculum- is used to enlarge the opening of the nose to permit viewing. This type of speculum may consist of a reusable handle with a disposable speculum tip, or it may be a disposable one- piece unit.

Ophthalmoscope- is a lighted instrument used to examine the inner structures of the eye.

Otoscope- is used to examine the ear canal and the tympanic membrane. The otoscope consists of a light source, a magnifying lens, and an ear speculum. An otoscope also may be used to examine the nostrils and the anterior sinuses. Like a nasal speculum, an otoscope may have disposable tips.

Tuning Fork- tests patients’ hearing. It resonates at a specific constant pitch when set vibrating by striking it against a surface or with an object, and emits a pure musical tone after waiting a moment to allow some high overtone to die out.

Sphygmomanometer- Or blood pressure cuff, is a piece of equipment used to measure blood pressure typically consisting of an inflatable rubber cuff that is applied to the arm and connected to a column of mercury next to a graduated scale, enabling the determination of systolic and diastolic blood pressure by increasing and gradually releasing the pressure in the cuff.

Stethoscope- is used to listen to body sounds. It is described in more detail in the vital signs and measurements.

Thermometer- is used to measure body temperature.

Penlight- is a small flashlight used when additional light is necessary for a small area. It also may be used to check pupil response in the eye.

Vaginal Speculum- is used to enlarge the vagina to...
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