Defining and Measuring Crime
Alistair Van Oudtshoorn
Due Date: 23 April, 5:00pm
Tutor: Thalia Edmonds
Tutor Group: Wednesday 10:00am-10: 50am
Table Of Contents.
Introduction Page 3 Violent Crime Page 3 White-Collar Crime Page 3 Internet Crime Page 4 Property Crime Page 4 Conclusion Page 4 References Page 6
Crime has always been a shadow upon societies image, these learned behaviors can be seen in all shapes and sizes, in the cities, in the streets and even in homes. The media has controlled the image of what is perceived as crime. But what truly stalks the streets at night, is it the sadistic men who care so little about human dignity they travel from coast to coast sexually assaulting women? Or is this just a small portion of the true offender/victim population. Also there are many different forms of crime the most publicly known violent and property crime make up the larger fraction of crimes in Australia, although crimes such as internet and white-collar crime accounts for a significant part of the total crime costs. Then there is also the “dark figure” of crime, which forms the significant inaccuracies that are found especially in sexual assault offences. The most important aspect of all crime statistics are the trends which only within the last 30 years have been successfully recorded in such a way that can be effectively used to provide evidence for the prevalence of some crimes in society. Violent crimes constitute a range of offences including Homicide, abduction, sexual assault or domestic abuse. This form of crime can be defined as the unlawful use or exhibition of force. In crimes such as assault this force would be considered physical but in cases such as stalking this would be considered psychological force. It is mainly due to the overwhelming emotions resulting from these crimes that make it so considerably underreported. It is significantly due to the severity of these crimes in particular
References: Hayes, H., & Prenzler, T. (2008). An Introduction To Crime And Criminology (2nd ed.). Australia: Pearson Education. Gravcar, A., & Grabosky, P. (2002). The Cambridge Handbook Of Australian Criminology. United Kingdom: Cambridge University. Bricknell, S. (2008). Trends In Violent Crime. Trends & Issues In Crime And Criminal Justice, 359, 1-6. Indermaur, D. (1995). Violent Property Crime. Australia: Federation Press. Crime And Misconduct Commission. (2005). Property Crime In Australia. Crime Bulletin, 7, 1-10.