This is a base on defense mechanism, repression must occur first
Repression is mechanism of ego prevent anxiety-provoking刺激的 thoughts from being enter in conscious level.
eg: a people who has repression memories abuse濫用suffer as a child, maybe let him difficult forming relationship.
The memories don’t appear also it continue to influence our behavior
The conscious unwant information out in awareness, which is as Suppression.
Denial some fact in one’s life despite不管abundant evidence for its reality
Eg: refusal believed that lover was died
This function to protect ego from individual cannot cope with 處理
May save us pain and anxiety also require a large investment of energy
Explaining an unacceptable behavior and feeling in a rational and logical manner, avoid the true things
Eg: a student who blames a poor exam score on a instructor rather than he/her lack of preparation
Rationalization not only prevents anxiety also protect self-esteem and self-concept
People always attribute認為 achievement to their own activity and skills while failure are blamed an other people or outside forces.
Take out our frustration, feel and impulse推動 people or object to less threatening威脅
If you have a bad day in office, you can go out at home frustration to family or friend, it is a ego of defense mechanism on displacement Sublimation 昇華
Our unacceptable impulses will displace to do pro-social activities (positive activities) such as writing, drawing, it is call a sublimation
Sign a maturity also allow people to function in socially acceptable ways Regression
When people stressful people act out behavior with their psychosexual development stage in their fixation. It is call regression
Fixation can drop down people anxiety
Eg: individual fixation an earlier development stage maybe cry for listening a bad news.
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