Decolonization of Algeria and Mozambique

Topics: Portugal, Africa, Colonialism Pages: 3 (717 words) Published: May 20, 2013
Decolonization of Algeria and Mozambique Essay Preparation Draft

Today, Algeria and Mozambique are independent countries in Africa, but before that, since the early 1900’s and earlier, both countries were under colonial rule. Before Algeria and Mozambique gained their independence as a country, Algeria was under the French rule, while Mozambique was under Portuguese rule. However, eventually in 1962, Algeria gained its independence and in 1974 Mozambique gained its independence. In terms of the process of decolonization, Algeria and Mozambique went through a similar process, that was successful due to the failures of the colonial powers to satisfy and control their settler population socially, economically and politically, which resulted into successful organized rebellion actions.

Referring back to the pre-call for independence, the Algerians and Mozambique settler population felt that they were being mistreated by their colonial power. In Algeria even since 1942, according to the West Chester University, the French were mistreating the Algerians by taking over “French-owned” farms and forcing the Algerian ex workers to work for them. At the end of WW2, the Vichy French government increased taxes, specifically for the Algerians and implemented “racial policies”, that favored the French. Similarly, Mozambique’s were discriminated, as the Portuguese deprived with lack of education, lack of political justification and very “cheap wages”. Despite both Algeria and Mozambique being treated unfairly socially, economically and politically, on May 8, 1945, the Algerians celebrated the end of WW2, by marching in Setif, but the Algerians raised “the green and white flag” of Abd al Kader’s 1840 uprising, which angered the French, causing violence and resulting in 45,000 deaths. Being unfairly treated, the Algerians and Mozambique’s called for independence.

Algeria and Mozambique’s call and war for independence were a result of creating large organized rebellion...
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