The Declaration of Independence
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.-That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,- That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.” These prominent words were penned by Thomas Jefferson in July of 1776 to assist the layout of the Declaration of Independence in this beginning paragraph. The Declaration of Independence was the American colonists way of separating political ties to the British Parliament and King George III. In retrospect, the American colonists did not want to separate ties to the British Crown, however, the events leading up to the summer of 1776 left the American colonists with simply no other option. The result happened during the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where the Declaration of Independence was born. The words that introduce the Declaration of Independence are arguably one of the most infamous works since the 18th century and was used as the framework to begin the American Revolution, which lead to the United States of America. Ever since the first settlers came to America to establish this new land as their home, England had promised its citizens, the rights they would have received as Englishmen back in their home country. The colonies were semi-independent to England in the first place and had little need to govern themselves in reference to what was going on in London. The English parliament had promised the American colonies self-government which the colonists took full advantage of with each specific colony having their own assembly and governor ruling over them. It was established by the British Parliament that only the king himself had rule over the colonies, not the Parliament. This was first established because a boat ride from America to England was a mere three month journey, meaning if the Parliament would have had control over the colonies it would take six months to answer a question sent from one place to another. Parliament having control over the colonies was simply a non-feasible option which essentially they left them to their own devices to govern themselves. The self-government of the American colonies lead to a gain in colonial power which England would eventually try to reign in. The French and Indian War (also known as the Seven Year War) could be considered the ultimate cause of the Declaration of Independence in the first place because it changed the ways England looked at the American colonies. The British Parliament wanted to alter the way the colonies worked because they needed to set up taxes to help pay for the war (137 million pounds) that was just fought on North American soil. In order to pay for this war, the British Parliament found it necessary to set forth taxes such as the Wool, Hat, and Molasses taxes to help pay for the war. Also, the British Parliament then made it necessary for all American exports to be transported through British Ports which required them being taxed and forcing more dependence of the American colonies on the British Empire. Objections to these original laws were high and it angered the colonists; things in the colonies were only going to get worse. The taxation burden the colonists were feeling from the British Parliament lead to a series of protests which started out in Boston, Massachusetts. When the Stamp Act, a tax on paper, was enacted in 1765, the colonists were absolutely furious; virtually everything they used had paper somewhere used in it....
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