Decision Making and Philosophy: Philosophy and the Self
1. Identify A Decision About Which Reasonable Minds Can Disagree Most people often find it hard to reach an agreement when it comes to matters of faith. Customarily, faith and reason were often seen as the main source for justification of religious beliefs among many people. This is because both faith and belief serve the same epistemic function. For many, faith is determined by upbringing. In addition, society always plays a major role in forming the faith of many. Therefore, this makes it hard to easily try and convince someone out of his or her faith (Smith, 2008). We are often quick to judge and comment about other people’s faith without taking into consideration the fact that we cannot be easily convinced out of our own. We all need to believe in something. As we grow up, we gradually establish our own worldview. However, as we grow up, that belief may change in one way or the other based on the interactions we have with the people around us. A true believer who stands by his faith will never allow himself to accept defeat in argument even when they know that they may be wrong in some way (Watson, 2013). Most people are stubborn about what they believe in because it is all they have known their entire lives and based their entire being on. It is to a certain level irrational to imagine that disputing that would end well. 2. Explain The Nature Of Belief And Identify The Beliefs And Values That Informed The Decision That Was Made When someone hears of the word belief, the first though that one has of is an idea. Some ideas can be viewed as factual while others have some degree of certainty linked to them. Beliefs can be analysed from two empirical levels. At one level, an individual will try to find an explanation as to how the nuts and bolts of the brain function. By doing so, one aims to determine how beliefs are computed in a person’s brain. He or she also tries to figure out the role that biological functions play in determining our beliefs (Heidegger, 2007). There exists some form of religion in every community although they may differ in one way or another. However, these beliefs and values play a major role in determining the faith and values that one has in their later life. As we become more and more enlightened through education, we begin to question certain aspects of the values of the community. As children, we take after what we are told right or wrong without any questions. However, as we grow up, we form our own view of the world and conform to our own ways of thought. There are some beliefs that have no certain explanation for them. Delusional beliefs can simply be described to mean two ideas that cannot be logically explained, but holds some form of meaning to the holder. Delusional beliefs can by shared by two or entire members of the community. This is also known as false beliefs given the fact there is no evidence that can be used to prove it. There are generally two types of belief: the ones that have based on our experiences and the ones that are based by some faith or another. Belief does not require any form of direct experience to base our faith. There are numerous things that people consider to be true, but have no direct knowledge to prove it to be the case. 3. Explain A Relevant Theory Of Human Freedom, Consciousness, And/or Reality. Theory of Determinism
Being free could probably be interpreted to mean that one is not yet complete and there is still room for you to do other things. A person is free because they have the intention to act in a certain way. The theory of determinism is a point of view that states that human behaviour is as a result of complex groups of physical, psychological, cultural and historical factors and not simply free will. The theory to some extent denies the probability of morals and ethics in the day-to-day decisions that we make as individuals....
References: Gauthier, J.-P., & Kupka, I. (2011). Deterministic observation theory and applications. Cambridge [u.a.: Cambridge University Press.
Heidegger, M. (2007). The essence of human freedom: An introduction to philosophy. London: Continuum.
Schelling, F. W. J., & In Gutmann, J. (2006). Philosophical inquiries into the nature of human freedom. La Salle, Ill: Open Court.
Smith, W. C. (2008). Faith and belief: The difference between them. Oxford, England: Oneworld Publications.
Watson, G. (2013). Free will. Oxford [u.a.: Oxford Univ. Press.
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