Decision Making

Good Essays
Decision-Making Model Analysis Paper

Decisions! Decisions! Decisions! How do you make decisions? Have you ever asked yourself, "How did I make that decision?" Whether big or small, important or not so important, decision making is a process. Some people way the pros and cons while others may just flip a coin. Are decisions based on feelings, outcomes or information? Often times if we just go with our gut feeling will be miss out on important information that should be included in our decision.

Decision-making can be a cognitive process of selecting a course of action form various options. Some of us are logical. Some of us are risk taking. Either way such characteristics play a role in our decisions. In my experience decision-making can also be based on biases, past experiences, peer pressure, needs and even wants.

Recently, I had to make a decision about a new job opportunity. My employer offered me the opportunity to moving into a new job with new tasks and responsibilities. I had to consider the position, the responsibilities, the salary and all the alternatives. The opportunity offered a pay increase. It was a tough decision. Now, while I didn 't realize it I actually used a decision-making model to decide upon my best option.

Rick Roberts, Director of Career Services at University of North Florida designed a 7-Step Career Decision-Making Model. Roberts believes information is power in decision-making. He states, the more information you have the easier the decision.
This Decision-Making Model gives structure while allowing one to process and identify necessary information.
Step One is to identify the decision to be made. In my case, the decision was whether to take a new job opportunity or remain in my existing position.

Step Two is to do a self assessment. At this point, I began to consider my needs and wants. Would the new opportunity really be something I would enjoy? Would it be challenging? This particular new



References: Career Decision-Making Model, Rick Roberts, Director of Career Services at University of Florida. Scientists Detect Two Decision-Making Pathways in Human Brain (news release, Bethesda, Md: National Institutes of Health, Oct 15, 2004) http://www.nih.gov /news/pr/oct2004/nia-15.htm (accessed 29 Oct 2004). www.lib.umd.edu/groups/learning/Decision-MakingModel.pdf

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Decision making is defined as "the cognitive process leading to the selection of a course of action among alternatives" (Decision Making, 2006, para. 1). Decisions are made continually throughout our day.…

    • 1604 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Best Essays

    MSc Clinical Leadership

    • 5046 Words
    • 16 Pages

    Decision-making is an essential activity for managers and leaders (Hoff, 2004). However, it should be noted that the process of decision-making is important for all individuals in their lives (Holistic Management, 2000). Harris (2009) stated that bad decision-making from choosing incorrect alternatives results in anxiety, uncomfortable feelings, and time wasting.…

    • 5046 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    The decision making process has many phases. Start out with a current situation (unexpected or expected behavior), which is impacted, by the situation at hand and the changing world around us and then we through in the external noise and the internal noise. Now we have a multitude of information, social, cultural, economical and…

    • 545 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision-Making Models

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages

    How people make decisions can very depending upon the situation. There are many techniques that can be applied to resolving an issue or problem. Depending on the criteria a person places on the problem or issue, can lead them down certain paths for the decision making process. According to Hoch, Kunreuther, and Gunther there are two different philosophies in play when making decisions: these are reflective and expedient decision processes (Chap. 6, p. 103). The first is a more methodical and holistic approach to how one comes to a decision. The later which is common in the western world is faster and utilizes more of a gut feeling than actual facts. Another author, Lahti stipulates there are four basic decision-making models a manager can employ during this process; these are rational, political, process, and garbage can models (Lahti, 1996, ¶ 1).…

    • 468 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Mgt/230 Week 1 Assignment

    • 826 Words
    • 4 Pages

    People should make decisions every day, some of those decisions are easy to make, while others are quite difficult to implement. An appropriately combined and organized decision-making process will help to control this issue and bring a positive outcome for those involved. The decision-making process may become challenging for people due to “the lack of structure and entail risk, uncertainly and conflict” (Bateman and Snell, 2012, p. 86). That is why people trying to make important personal or professional decisions should have an appropriate model to follow in order to avoid these challenges. Bateman and Snell identified six steps or stages of decision-making process which may be attached to any problem or decision. First, it is necessary to identify and analyze the problem.…

    • 826 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision-making can be difficult and disastrous if not thought out carefully. Some decisions once made cannot be changed, and the outcome could change your life forever. Of the six stages of the decision-making process, I, like others, can say I do not use all the stages, if I made my decision using the stages my outcome may have been better that it was. I wanted to change jobs to spend more time with my son and make our lives better. If I had used the decision-making process my decision would have been different.…

    • 539 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Through research, methods have developed that not only show people how to make decisions, but advice that will help to improve the skills already in place. We call these methods models. There are models designed with specific industries or individuals in mind. For instance, models based through observation or experiments (empirical research)(Simon, 1986, para6) allow such tasks as interpreting oil-well drilling logs. Using a model that centers on financial gains would not be as beneficial to the field engineer who must make a decision to continue drilling or to relocate his drilling equipment to another location, as a financial-based method would be to a CEO.…

    • 1521 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Before discussing the different ways a person can reach a decision, it is first necessary to know what decision making is. According to The Oxford English Dictionary decision making is, “The making up of one's mind on any point or on a course of action; a resolution, determination.” While the definition seems simple, the act of making up ones mind can be quite complicated. You need only look at my dorm room floor on a Saturday night before I go out, to see how difficult making a decision can be…at least for me. There are generally three ways that most people use to make decisions. The first being decisions based on whether. This type of decision making typically involves either/or and yes/no questions. For example, in deciding whether to have chocolate or vanilla ice cream, a person will often ask themselves a yes/no type of question, “Do I like chocolate better than vanilla?” Another example would be a person trying to decide about whether they should ask for a raise. In this instance the decision is usually reached after someone looks at the pros and cons to each side. The second kind are decisions based on which. In this instance, the person generally chooses one or more options from a larger group and makes their decision by determining which of these measures up to what one is looking for. The third type is contingent decisions. In contingent decisions a choice is often predetermined but is not acted upon until some kind of condition is met or an ideal opportunity arises.…

    • 759 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Making decisions is something that we all do daily as soon as we are old enough to think and reason on our own. Every single thing we do requires a decision to be made first. Often we view things as simple decisions because the outcome may be inconsequential, like what to eat for lunch, or which tie to wear to work. Other times we have major decisions to make that are much more complex and the outcome weighs more heavily on us if the wrong decision is made.…

    • 392 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decision making process are essential skills for everyday life and business. Decision making can often be challenging for many individuals depending on how serious the issue. Therefore improving effective decision making involves brainstorming and selecting a choice of action. Decision making process is based on many circumstances, majority the importance of the issue and the impact of the decision.…

    • 473 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Psychological story of decision making does not end however when the decision has been made. The act of making a decision can trigger a lot of other properties. According to psychologist Leon Festinger, whenever we choose to do something that conflicts with our prior beliefs, feelings, or values; a state of cognitive dissonance is created in us. (p. 244) A tension between what we think and what we do. When this tension makes us uncomfortable enough, we are motivated to reduce it in a number of ways. We may change the way we think about the decision or try to change the way other people think about it so they can support our decision or it may change…

    • 1168 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Decisions come in different shapes and sizes. You may make a life changing decision or you may make a not so important decision. But either way, a decision is being made. These decisions may not be good decisions. For example in “Macbeth” by William Shakespeare the main character in the story has to make decisions. The decisions which are not very wise. The main character, Macbeth killed people to become king. In the…

    • 199 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Course Syllabus

    • 1984 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Introduction Everyone makes decisions, but a few people think about how they do it. Psychological research shows that in many simple decision situations people make decisions that upon close examination they regard as wrong. Decision analysis is the normative field of decision-making. Throughout the course, we will develop rules of thought that will transform complex decisions into simpler decision situations where the course of action is clear. We will create powerful distinctions that will improve your personal decisionmaking and enable you to help others with their own decisions.…

    • 1984 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    We make decisions each and every day; everything we say and do is the result of a decision. For every choice, big or small, there is no easy formula for making the right decision. The best an individual can do is to approach it from as many perspectives as possible and then choose a course of action that is reasonable and balanced at that time.…

    • 391 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Decision making is part of a person’s every day daily routine. We all wake up and have to decide what we are going to wear for the day. Some of us may even decide not to get ready at all. The magnitude of peoples’ decisions is dependent on many factors. It is important to thoroughly analyze a situation before making decisions.…

    • 902 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays