Richard D. Radabough
May 1, 2013
Key Elements of Deception
Being able to identify deception is a very important trait to have when conducting an interview or interrogation. Deception is to ensnare or to give false claim to something. For an interviewer this is a key element to have so that one can find the truth to what happened when and where the crime took place. So when conducting an interview or interrogation the interviewer must watch for key signs and specific elements to detect deceit by the interviewee.
When approaching an interview or interrogation, methods and steps must be followed in order to detect deceit. A promising new approach to interviewing is called inferential interviewing. This method detects deception by analyzing statement characteristics and making a question by question analysis. When using inferential interviewing method, interviewers have found that people can recall what happened accurately and their statement accuracy is above 80 percent. Compared to structural interviews with 62 percent accuracy and cognitive interviews at 68 percent success (Gosselin, 2007).
The first factor in determining whether a statement is deceptive when using inferential interview is statement coherence (Gosselin, 2007). A statement should make simple since and should be easy to follow along with what happened. Also, the statement cannot violate the rules of nature or contradict itself. This step is an inspection for dishonesty includes a statement as an entire. So does what an interviewee says make since and sound complete? The conversation should definitely have a flow to it and an ease about getting the information needed.
The next step to the method of inferential interview is the response length of someone’s speech. Deception is highly motivated when paired with short response time. Also, speech errors and slow rate of speech is related to deception in a person. Behaviors such as these are also known as verbal leakage...
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Deception. (1996, July 2). Retrieved from CIA: https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/vol16no4/html/v17i1a05p_0001.htm
Gosselin, D. K. (2007). Smart Talk. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education.
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