Philosophy Introduction to Knowledge
23 February 2015
In Meno, Plato believed that learning is recollection, as previously voiced by Socrates. Plato also believed that this argument was valid argument that because perception can deceive us, it can be wrong, so our knowledge must come from recollection. Setting this up as a deductive argument is simple. Stated by the IEP (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy) “A deductive argument is an argument that is intended by the arguer to be (deductively) valid, that is, to provide a guarantee of the truth of the conclusion provided that the argument's premises (assumptions) are true.” So according to Plato’s believes that knowledge is recollection we can set up true premises to reach a guaranteed conclusion. The premises in this argument is that, if perception deceives us then knowledge is not perception. Then the conclusion to this statement in Plato’s case is that knowledge is recollection. This is a valid argument using the deductive reasoning strategy, which is because the premises are true then the conclusion must be true.
In the Meno, Plato goes into great detail in trying to prove that his premises are correct. He uses the example of the cave and how ones reality is shaped by perception but their knowledge is based on recollection. In the cave allegory the man is tied up and only sees puppets of real things but the things he is seeing are not the real things. They are just forms of the objects that are someplace else, Plato calls this “the realm of the forms” and he also says, “We do not learn, and that what we call learning is only a process of recollection.” (Plato). This implies that we don’t in fact learn anything true at all because the forms are somewhere else. But what we can do is recall information taught to us and because perception can lead us to false truths we get to this information by remembering rather than looking at it. Going back to the cave allegory...
Cited: "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., Oct. 2003. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.
B., Du Bois W. E. The Souls of the Black Folk: Essays and Sketches. N.p.: Dodd Mead, 1961. Print.
Plato, and R. S. Bluck. Meno. Cambridge: U, 1961. Print.
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