Debate on Climate Change
Climate change is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. It may be a change in average weather conditions or the distribution of events around that average, for example more or fewer extreme weather events. Climate change may be limited to a particular region or may occur across the whole Earth. I t is a broader context of human dimensions in which insufficient attention has been given to the issues on how to cultivate a cross disciplinary approach to address what is complex and systemic problem. This essay seeks to bring that issue into focus and for the purpose of this essay I shall be discussing, the description of climate change; the western nations too influence by capitalism to effectively deal with this problem with reference to Australia politics. I shall also support my view with what actions from experts should we not take to respond to climate change as well as critically analysing possible solutions to ameliorate the global warming and conclusion. Climate change is not a new apocalypse; the climate of the earth has always been changing from year-to-year, century-to-century and millennium-to-millennium (charmine EJ Hartel 2010). This is one of the controversial issues going on in Australia politics at the moment (carbon tax) which I shall discuss later on in this topic. One of the greatest challenges that are facing humanity in this century according to Graeme/Pearman (2010) is climate change and degradation of the environment. It has been observed that humans produce this global impact through our use of natural resources, multiplied by the vast increase in population (reproduction & consumption) seen in the past 50 to 100 years . This is also associated with lots of other problems such as reduction of glaciers, loss of critical habitats and so on. There is no doubt that this is a broader context of human dimensions and we need to address, for example the human causes, the consequences, and response (adaptation &mitigation) to climate change. We also need to address the links between these aspects of climate change &cognitive, effective, motivational, interpersonal, and organizational responses and processes of human behaviors (Swin et al 2011, Rogerson et al). Lord Monckton also supported that there is overwhelming evidence that humans are the dominant cause of this warming, primarily due to our greenhouse gas emissions. Based on fundamental physics and mathematics, he stated that “we can quantify the amount of warming human activity is causing, and verify that we’re responsible for essentially all of the global warming over the past 3 decades. In fact, we expect human greenhouse gas emissions to cause more warming than we’ve thus far seen, due to the thermal inertia of the oceans (the time it takes to heat them)”. Cached The culture and structure of our economies are related to the nature of our climate, its regularity/variability and severity. Climate change should therefore be a major field of inquiry in the social, behavior and organizational sciences generally. This is especially so given because most of the human activities of this current warming are of high degree of importance and further change need to be anticipated. New scientific evidence of change has increased the level of concern about climate change and the urgency for responses to it (see for example Hansen et all, 2007; Rahmstorf et al 2007). To avoid more increase warming in the future such responses (actions) need to be both adaptive that is how we and natural ecosystems react and response to climate change and make it less harmful, how the growth of emissions of greenhouse gases can be reduced and reversed (Charmine EJ Hartel, Graeme/Pearman 2010).
In Australia just as I said earlier on in this topic the issues of carbon tax is the talk of the day. It has been a big struggle between Julia Gillard...
References: Bjorn Lomborg, ‘Carbon tax a costly feel-good gesture that won 't reduce emissions’ The Australian, issue 17 November, 2011 12:00AM, view 5 December,2011
‘Climate Cooling, the Other Side of Climate Change Science: Global’...
CEJ Härtel, ‘Ways to Improve Energy Efficiency and Energy Sources. Understanding and responding to the climate change issue: Towards a whole-of-science research agenda’ 3pillarsnetwork.com, Vol. 16, Issue 1, March 2010 Journal of management and organisation page 5, second edition
Graeme/Pearman, ‘Climate Change ‘database: online resources, journal of management and organization 2010 Journal Vol.16.p.18
Lord Monckton, ‘Humans are causing this warming’ This post is based on a briefing paper from the Environment Defenders Office Victoria, Read more at www.climatechange.gov.au, www.cleanenergyfuture.gov.au/, Cached www.carbontax.net.au/, Academic Search Complete
Murray Deakin, ‘Demystifying the proposed carbon tax’ Dynamic Business Published view 9 December, 2011, (p.29)
Rogerson, Mark D. ; Gottlieb, Michael C. ; Handelsman, Mitchell M. ; Knapp, Samuel ; Younggren, Jeffrey, Nonrational processes in ethical decision making. Database: American Psychological Association (APA), The American Psychologist, Oct, 2011, Vol.66 (7), p.614 (10)
Swim, Janet K ; Clayton, Susan ; Howard, George S, Human behavioral contributions to climate change: psychological and contextual drivers, Database: MEDLINE (NLM) , ’ Behavior ; Climate Change ; Conservation of Natural Resources ; Environment’ The American psychologist, 2011, Vol.66(4), p.251-64
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