English 100/ Gianunzio
May 23rd, 2014
Research Essay: Rough Draft
Death Penalty: Unlawful
An ancient proverb provides that “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth”, while the Code of Hammurabi in the 18th century B.C. likewise says that “if a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out, if he break another man’s bone, his bone shall be broken.” These moral principles are the foundation of capital punishment. For centuries, the laws of many states adhere to and enforce capital punishment as an infliction against heinous crimes. In essence, capital punishment is usually being observed to preserve peace and order and to prevent anarchy in the society. However, the enforcement of capital punishment raises some wrongful execution issues, is unmoral and unethical issues since it involves the killing of convicted criminals, and it is inhumane and is very depriving of anyone’s natural right which is the right to life. It is indeed very paradoxical that the state will allow the execution of a human person as a solution to crime and violence. There are various ways to punish criminals all around the world in order to reduce criminality and provide security to civilians. I accept that sometimes capital punishment is necessary. However, I believe that death sentences are not fruitful in decreasing crime, violence and other offenses. In one hand, supports say that capital punishment deters crime effectively as people have fear of the death penalty which stops them from committing offences. Moreover, capital punishment defines seriousness of offence so before committing such offence person will think twice. Also, Death sentence is a form of revenge which gives a feeling of peace for victim. Otherwise many times a victim converted into offender in order to take revenge and punish accuse by own. Additionally, capital punishment is a way to avoid imprisonment cost which can otherwise be used by government in development. On other hand, I think that capital punishment is not a good way as innocent people could be wrongly convicted and executed. There is no evidence about the reduction of crime rates due to the way of death penalty. Many criminals do not think they will be caught therefore they do not have fear of this kind of punishment. Also, Capital punishment is not a good deterrent. Rehabilitation and education is good way in order to prevent or minimize offensive acts. Executing prisoners creates a violent culture and encourages revenge which can increase crime. Too many governments still believe that they can solve urgent social or political problems by executing a few or even hundreds of their prisoners. Many people all over the world are still unaware that the death penalty offers society not further protection but further brutalization. The death penalty, carried out in the name of the nation’s entire population, affects everyone. Everyone should be aware of what the death penalty is, how it is used, how it affects them, how it violates fundamental rights. Capital punishment must not be implemented because it can lead to the possibility of wrongful execution. It is undeniable that there had already been many people sentenced of death penalty that were eventually executed even if they were truly innocent. Unfortunately, the crucial evidence that would have proven the innocence of these people was only obtained after their execution (McCafferty 71). It is because of wrongful executions that capital punishment must not be implemented in society. They only create doubts into the minds of the people that they cannot rely on the justice system especially once they badly need it. This is also hard to accept on the part of the families who already had members who experienced a wrongful execution as this is something that has a permanent impact. Obviously, the innocent people wrongfully executed can never be brought back to life anymore. Since the courts cannot be expected to make the best decisions...
Cited: Easwaran, Eknath. Gandhi: The Man - The Story of His Transformation. Tomales: Nilgiri Press, 1997
International, Amnesty. "THE DEATH PENALTY IN 2013." Amnesty.org. Luci 's Trust, n.d. Web. 21 May 2014.
Kronenwetter, Michael. 2001. Capital Punishment. Westport, CT: ABC-CLIO
Mandery, Evan. 2011. Capital Punishment in America. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
McCafferty, James. 2009. Capital Punishment. Piscataway, NJ: Aldine Transaction
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