Death Penalty

Topics: Death Penalty, Murder, Death row Pages: 7 (2714 words) Published: August 25, 2011
Death penalty is the most arguable and notorious practice today. This concept of capital punishment as a way of deterrence, retribution, restraint or incapacitation rehabilitation and restoration is not new and it is very much understandable from the way human psychology is molded by the fear of happening the same with themselves. The idea a of deterrence associated with capital punishment has weight and sense, making capital punishment a public example serves it purpose but any judicial system which works on any other principal than the principal of justice cant be trusted.  

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The general moral question of whether government has the right to punish wrongdoers by killing them has long plagued philosophers and theologians. Supporters of the death penalty often argue with those who oppose it about the implications of certain verses in scripture and about the general question of whether people forfeit their right to life when they commit murder. Similar moral arguments focus on whether it is ever legitimate to execute someone for a crime committed as a juvenile or to execute the mentally impaired. Many opponents argue, moreover, that it is senseless for government to kill to show that killing is wrong. (Lawrence C. Marshall, Why the Death Penalty Should be Abolished) In the present day, what is required is a better and more influential judiciary system rather than just sentencing people to death or even long lifetime sentences. It is accepted that one must pay for his ill doings but for that the difference should be made at the level of justice. Justice should be equal for all. The Arguments against capital punishment are many and convincing and very influential rather than the ones, which are in its favor, they are not just few but are fallacious.

Arguments against death penalty
Anthony Porter, thought as a killer, was found guilty in a case of murder of two people back in the year 1982 and was to be sentenced to death in 1998. Just 48 hours before the implementation, a stay order was approved based on issue about his mental proficiency.

A team of journalism students from Northwestern University took the interest and began to examine the case against Porter and after interviewing many witnesses who had testified or were somehow related to the case. After several months of investigation, what came to light was an astonishing fact that Anthony Porter was absolutely innocent and had nothing to do with the killings. On the contrary, the real culprit was found to be Alstory Simon not Anthony Porter. He himself admitted of his crime after his wife told that she was there when he killed them. Even after wards the chief witness confessed that he had not seen the face of the killer, he just mentioned Ported because the police forced him to do so. Later in February 1999, based on these new facts, Anthony Porter was released and Alstory Simon was charged with murder. Taking this example, we won’t be wrong to say that in the case of Porter Anthony his luck was there to save him, but is this the case of all the innocents being killed, just because they were bound to be killed?

There are many arguments against the capital punishment, and on the other hand many people prove the arguments wrong, but what is the point here is how the punishment is enhanced. If we look at the previous record, it is quite cleat that most of the punishments were under the influence of prejudice. 

Is Death Sentencing The Deterrent?
The death penalty may not deter but aggravate the crime; it is true with all such acts where justice is over come by discrimination. Death penalty was once practiced in most of the nations, but has been sanctioned by many till yet. In the late 20th century, some countries abolished the death penalty, imposing life sentences instead. Which is another debate?

Is the capital punishment is actually a reason for a better social and judicial...

References: Liebman, J. S., Fagan, J., & West, V.Capital attrition: Error rates in capital cases, 1973-1995. Texas Law Review. (2000)
Uniform Crime Reports, 1980-1989
Lawrence C. Marshall, Why the Death Penalty should be abolished
Bright, S. Counsel for the poor: The death sentence not for the worst crime, but for the worst lawyer. Yale Law Journal (1994)
Costanzo, M. Just revenge: Costs and consequences of the death penalty (1997)
Bowers and Pierce 'Deterrence or Brutalization ' in Crime of Delinquency (1980)
Bailey, W.C., & Peterson, R. D. Murder, capital punishment, and deterrence (1997)
Radelet, Bedau, and Putnam, 'In Spite of innocence ' (1992)
Point Loma, To Abolish Capital Punishment: A Plea to the Citizens of every Country (1914)
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