The controversy surrounding the use of capital punishment has been a constant since the 1700s. The issues of use are rooted deep globally along with the injustices of inequality and the deterrence effect. Beccaria felt the judicial system had failed in interpretation of the law and making the law obscure. 8
Capital punishment has been used worldwide at some point in history. Ancient legal codes, from the Code of Hammurabi in 1750 B.C. to the Code of Theodosius in 438 A. D., have documented the use of death as punishment.4 During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries there were one hundred sixty crimes punishable by death in England.4 It was during this time that Beccaria wrote his essay bringing the injustices to the forefront for the world to review.
Just recently, in the mid 1960’s, Western Europe took the stance that the death penalty was no longer needed in their society. Britain paved the way for abolishing the