Dealing With ODD Children in School Setting
Kan Zar Htet (Jonah)
Assumption University, Bangkok Thailand
Dealing With ODD Children in School Setting
Trying to create our school a safe and productive environment for every individual, dealing with the children with disabilities plays the important role in it. Even in the well managed schools, the techniques for taking care of disable children still needs to adjust, modify and revise in order to meet the needs of different children. Amongst, dealing with ODD (oppositional deficient disorder) children is one of a kind since the nature of the ODD children is different from other nature of disabilities. ODD children don’t have special physical features like children with Polio, Down syndrome. Furthermore, oppositional behavior is regarded as a normal behavior of children and adolescent. So identifying and dealing with ODD children requires systematic screening, medication and right treatment. In this paper, some of the efforts are trying to discuss about the nature, symptoms, causes of ODD and its coexistence diseases. Then, subsequently, other topics will be discussed to find the way of how people especially psychiatrists, school counselors have suggested dealing with ODD children in family and school setting. Defining the ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder)
According to Vacarolis (2002) “Oppositional Defiant Disorder is recurrent pattern of negativistic, disobedient, hostile defiant behavior towards authority figure without serious violation of the basic right of others’’ (p.868)
ODD is typically seen in the children below the age of 9-10 but it is usually diagnosed depending on how long and how often the defiant behavior occurs in the child than in other children of same age and developmental stage.
Causes of ODD (Oppositional Deficient Disorder)
One statement of American child and adolescent Psychiatry (2009) says that the cause of ODD is a combination of biological, psychological and social risk factors. In biological factors, the brain chemical imbalance, exposure to toxins and being inheritance of parents who had mood disorder. Sometime parents’ exposure to alcohol and substance abuse are counted as the agents of ODD in children. The factors such as lack of parental supervision, inconsistent discipline practices, and exposure to abuse or community violence have also been identified as environmental and psychological factors which may contribute to the development of ODD. (Don Eastmead, 2004) Children to the alcoholic parents and those who have been in trouble with the law, they are three times more likely to have ODD. In the order of 10% of all school-age children have ODD. It is more common in boys than girls. The behaviors of ODD children
Behaviors of ODD children cause particular difficulties with family and friends and the oppositional behaviors are regarded as offensive at both home and school. In Shapiro’s study (as cited in American Psychiatric Association diagnostic and statistical manual of disorder 4th edition), the behavior of ODD children includes frequent temper tantrums, excessive arguments with adults actively refusing to comply with requests and rules, deliberately annoying. Sometime ODD children are very easy to upset others, often touchy or annoyed by others, blame others for their mistakes. They sometime shows frequent outbursts of anger and resentment, spiteful attitude. If the children exhibit four or more of these behaviors for six months or more than six months, they would likely be diagnosed with ODD but the most important factor to consider is frequency and intensity.
Common behavior of ODD children in school setting
` Minnesota Association for Children Mental Health stated that it is very common in students with ODD that they may always challenge class rules, refuse to do assignments, and argue or fight with other students. This manner resulted in occurring significant...
References: American child and adolescent Psychiatry (2011), Children with Oppositional Disorder (Electronic version) Facts for Family No. 72, 1
American child and adolescent Psychiatry (2011), Children with Oppositional Disorder (Electronic version) Guide for Family, 8, 12- 13
Eastmead D., (2004). Oppositional Defiant Disorder- Conduct Disorder (Electronic version) Neurology Journal, 1
Minnesota Association for Children’s Mental Health, Oppositional Deficient Disorder (Electronic version), Fact sheet for class room, 1
Shapiro L., E., (2005) Instant Help for Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder ( Electronic version) Instant help chart, 1
Thorpe, G., T., & Olson S., L., (1997). Behavior herapy. Concept, procedure and application, 381.
Varcarolis E., M., (2002) Foundation of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing: A clinical approach 4th Ed, 868.
Vermont family network (2013) Oppositional Defiant Disorder (Electronic version) Vermont Family Network News Letter, 9-10.
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