In general, De Stijl used only straight horizontal and vertical lines and rectangular forms to proposed both in architecture and painring , the ultimate simplicity and abstraction. For example,the Red and Blue Chair designed by Gerrit Rietveld in 1917. They used limited colors like red, yellow, and blue as their formal vocabulary. And they had three primary values, black, white, and grey. Their works used opposition to avoid symmetry and attained aesthetic balance. “ This element of the movement embodies the second meaning of stijl: a post, jamb or support”. It was the best example of the constructive crossing joints, most commonly seen in carpentry.
De Stijl was influenced by Cubist painting as well as by the mysticism and the ideas about “ideal” geometric forms in the neoplatonic philosophy of mathematician M.H.J. Schoenmaekers. This movement also influenced the Bauhaus style and the international style of architecture as well as clothing and interior design. However, different from Bauhaus, De Stijl didn’t follow the general guidelines of an “ism” (Cubism, Futurism, Surrealism), nor did it held the