Human cloning: right or wrong?
Since the arrival of the scientific temper in humankind around the 17th century, specially with the creation of the Royal Society, human beings began to discover things that once were thought impossible, and nowadays improvements in technology and science have allowed wonders like cloning. The concept of cloning may be defined as "the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing, or previously existing, being or growing cloned tissue from that individual" (Human cloning , 2015). The first experiment regarding animal cloning was around 1952, yet scientists did not obtain good results in mammals until 1970 when they successfully transferred an embryo from an adult sheep; and the outcome of this investigation was the cloned ewe called "Dolly" (Rawat, 2015). Since then the question about whether to expand cloning investigation to humans or not arose. In this way, the possibility of cloning humans gives birth to a great spread of opportunities to explore the human body and achieve scientific developement; however, it creates also a controversial debate to take place worldwide. Thus, this essay will discuss and analyse different viewpoints about whether human cloning should be considered right or wrong, looking at the variety of the advantages and disadvantages that may cause; and, finally, I will discuss viewpoints that emerge from the influence of popular culture dealing with human cloning.
First of all, there is a branch of experts who support human cloning in order to achieve medical breakthroughs. According to them it is important to mark the difference between "reproductive" cloning and "therapeutic" cloning. While the first one is a kind of asexual reproduction in which "a child produced by cloning would be the genetic duplicate of an existing person" (Reproductive Cloning Arguments Pro and Con, 2006), the other one deals with the production of human embryos by taking genetic material from an adult's cell and put it inside an empty egg cell, and then these experts defend that this new cell will open the doors to the developement of medical treatements (Q&A: Therapeutic human cloning, 2000). In this way, these supporters focus principally on the production of organs or tissues created through cloning that replace or repare the original ones depending on the degree of damage in which they are; in other words, they believe therapeutic cloning to be beneficial. It is argued that in this way these copied organs do not have the possibility to be rejected by the body of the affected person, therefore, thanks to this, illnesses such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, diabetes, heart failure or degenerative joint disease among other problems could be solved if human cloning were accepted to be developed, instead of being taken from the most negative perspective towards the possible impacts on society (Smith, 2002). It is also argued that human reproductive cloning may lead to solve the problem of infertility which affects both women and men equally around the world. Cloning could mean hope for those infertile couples who are desperate to have children that are biologically related to them; to reflect this, I will take a marrriage couple from California as an example. In America there are around 12 millions of infertile persons, among them there is this couple, Anne and Bob, who have a fertility problem that leaves them with no other solution but cloning. However, this is not an available option, since California has banned human cloning, negating this couple their last resort (Cloning For Infertile Couples?, 1998). Many people could argue that several countries worldwide are deciding to directly ban cloning without taking into account the large amount of cases like the one of this exemplified couple.
In this way, the argument of using cloning to create organs in order to cure certain diseases seems to be logical because...
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