AP US History
DBQ 4: Thomas Jefferson and Philosophical Consistency In 1800, the American people were ready for a change and shift in political power. The nation had the choice between Federalist John Adams or Republican Thomas Jefferson. The election was often referred to as the Revolution of 1800, the year Thomas Jefferson defeated John Adams to be elected as the nation's new president. Years prior to the Election of 1800, Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton argued over issues of of constitutional interpretation, the policies of the Republicans in the years of their presidency (18011817) reflected the same beliefs as the Federalists. Jefferson went against his his convictions that got him elected by making contradicting actions that involved the military, National Bank, Louisiana Purchase, and Embargo Act.
Critically, Thomas Jefferson went against his views on having a smaller military. Jefferson campaigned such a move because of expenses. When first elected into presidency, he followed his promise and shrunk the military and navy. However, with the foreign affairs between the Barbary Pirates, who kept capturing American ships on the Mediterranean and enslaving the crew members. This led Jefferson to dismissing American armed forces around the globe to focus on the Barbary Pirates in North Africa (Document E). Jefferson had gone against his own issue on a smaller military and against congress. Only congress can s