Dbq Mongols

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In the 13th century, the Mongols, a nomadic people of Altaic stock who first appear in Chinese texts of the 11th century, traveled all throughout Afro-Eurasia conquering other civilizations by using destructive forces to gain power in that region. Genghis Khan, a leader of the Mongols, made war against the Tangut Kingdom of Xi Xia in Northwestern China from 1206 until 1209. Khan’s plan of attack made the Tangut Kingdom of Xi Xia acknowledge his newly acquired position as leader of the Mongols. Later in 1211, he began the conquest of North China starting with the Jin Dynasty. His plan to make war against the Jin Dynasty was delayed due to his lack of advanced military tactics therefore he made the choice to pull back all of his forces. Years …show more content…
This also proves that the Mongols showed no mercy to others because the only thing they wanted was to achieve great power and control in Afro-Eurasia. After this battle, Khan divided his army into 3 parts. One third of them were to lay siege to the Xia capital at Ningxia. Another third were under orders of Ogadai, Genghis Khan’s eldest son, to go Westward against the Jin Dynasty. Genghis Khan then took the remainder southeastward to threaten the Jin southern border and block any reinforcements. In the year 1227, the Xia emperor surrendered, but Genghis refused any peace overtures from the Jin Dynasty. With a suspicion of his death coming soon, Genghis set out to return to Mongolia. He died along the way, after telling his youngest son Tolui to continue the conquest of China that he was trying so badly to achieve. Tolui then destroyed the Jin forces by making them weak in cold mountain fighting, then chased them northward when they retreated only to meet with Ogadai who was now ready to attack. The Mongols used the military tactic of feigned retreat where they would pretend to withdraw and lure the enemy into a vulnerable position to then secretly …show more content…
First, the Mongols took over the Islamic Empire after a trivial offense to their leader, the great khan, responding by brutally slaughtering thousands of innocent Muslims. The shah of Khwarezm offended the great khan by refusing to extradite one of his governors in exchange for the death of two Mongol merchants, and this refusal was what provoked the onslaught of the Near East. Hulegu, also known as Il-Khan, a grandson of Genghis Khan, led the siege on Baghdad, sacking it in 1258, tearing it to the ground, and massacring “more than eight hundred thousand prisoners, men, women and children.” The devastation left by the Mongols rendered Baghdad uninhabited for some time. It is apparent that the Mongols’ choice to attack Baghdad over another Islamic city was intentional, as Baghdad was considered one of the most important cities in the Islamic world at the time, and its assault set a precedent for other nations that if they were to resist the Mongols, their influential cities would fall as well. Also apparent was the Mongols’ intent to instill fear through severe violence among Muslim peoples in order to establish themselves as as a powerful and threatening force. Second, after the siege of Baghdad, Hulegu founded the Il-Khanid dynasty,

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