“Reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals.” This statement is valid. Religious people such as Mormons and Evangelists strove to have “Utopian” communities with equal opportunities of education and equal rights for all people. The reforms during this period changed individual lives as well as the society as a whole. There were many reforms that geared toward democratic progress, such as the need for temperance and the creation of rights for children. Reform movements were particularly apparent in the areas of education, temperance, women's rights, Utopian experiments and penal institutions.
In the 1850’s women strove to have equal rights as men, demanding that “the disgraceful laws as give men the power to chastise and imprison his wife” must be abolished. Feminist movements demanded their right to vote. Was there a place that women could go to be equal?
Temperance was aimed at drunkards, harlots and infidels, and was widely preached in churches. Temperance sought to convert the miserable people of the society.
A number of “Utopian” communities began to spring up in the 1840’s -50’s. One of the best examples of these communities were the shakers, they let the outcast of society such as black and Indians, join them as long as they follow the rules. They would focus on shared labor and liberty. One of the major differences between the different utopian communities was the equality between men and women. A person’s sexuality was not important in American “Utopian” Communities, except for the Oneida. The Oneida are the most arguable because of it strange practice of complex marriage. Yet, the Oneida community was considered the most successful out of all utopian communities. Document F stresses the alliance among the people for the greater good of everyone. Document B explains that once the churches are reformed the sinners will be reformed, awakened and converted to better members of the society.
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