top-rated free essay

DBQ Essay for New England vs Chesapeake

By mandycarra Oct 03, 2014 915 Words

The Chesapeake and New England regions were settled by people of English descent, but by 1700, they had become two distinctly different societies. They had evolved so differently, mainly because of the way that the settlers followed their religion, their way of conducting politics and demographics in the colonies. Even though the settlers came from the same homeland: England, each group had its own reasons for coming to the New World and different ideas planned for the colonies.  On his way to the New World, aboard the Arabella in 1630, John Winthrop, Puritan leader of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, spoke of the plan that he had in store for the colony. He preached that there would be equality in the new colony and that they "… must be knit together in this work as one man." He spoke about the importance of community in the colony that was vital for the survival of the colony. His statements made on the Arabella are to the ideas in the Articles of Agreement, which compiled in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1636. In the Articles of Agreement, the community was to contain forty families—rich and poor. In the Articles of Agreement, the concern for comfort and quality of life (for families) is outlined. They again put emphasis on the importance of unity in the colony and they also express that social classes do not determine what a person is. In Connecticut, the colonists set up regulations for wages and price; these rules were made to include poor settlers in trading and the economy by keeping the prices in the colony "fair." Since the colonists in the New England region was untied "as one" in each colony, this was one way that caused them to become a different society from the Chesapeake region. In the New England colonies, having a stable and united community—that treated every person of any social status equally—was very important as opposed to the Chesapeake region were each person was independent and were spread out in the region.  In the Chesapeake region, the settlers came for entirely different reasons; they didn't come to form a community in the New World, they came looking for gold. Everything in Virginia—the colonist, the politics, and the society—was based on profit, unlike in the New England region, it was an "every-man-for-himself" society instead of a brotherly community. In History of Virginia, Capitan John Smith wrote that the colonist main reason for coming to the New World was to "… dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold…" Another reason the Chesapeake region was so different from the New England region was because the basis of the settlement was to find gold and ship it back to Mother England, some of the colonist did not plan to stay in the New World either; they were only attracted by the economic benefits.  In the Ship List of Emigrants Bound for Virginia, it is reported that the settlers that are coming into the New World are still in allegiance with the Anglican Church and the King. This shows that the colonists are not seeking religious freedom or striving to become a "city upon a hill", but rather seeking economic opportunities. Another significant point that arises in the document is that the population of men is about six times that of women; not to mention that the women are listed separate from the men. The Chesapeake colonists did not bring the same desire to establish families as the New Englanders did, but they also did not plan to found communities in the colonies as well. The main reason being that the Southern colonies were still in allegiance with England and were therefore completely supported by the Crown—both economically and socially.  The New England region was made up of colonies that valued a strong sense of community, brotherly relationships among the colonists, equality for all, and hard workers. The form of government in Massachusetts was a General Court system, which again placed emphasis on the importance of community and colonists belief of helping one another. The Puritans was very community and work oriented, they sought religious freedom and found it in the New World and were thriving. They were compelled to prove that to the world—but mostly to Mother England—that they could survive because they had left everything in England to start over in the New World and were not expected to fair so well.  However, the Chesapeake region was made up of more economically driven and wealth seeking colonies that had little or no sense of community. This was mostly because the colonists had spread out in the region in order to protect their property. As a result of Bacon's Rebellion, the plantation owners were concerned about the relationship between the black slaves and the white indentured servants—both groups were oppressed and poor. In the South, those who were poor had almost no hope of "climbing the ladder" in the community because social class was important in the colonies—this kept the poor settlers separate from the rich and successful settlers.  Because of the way that the New England and Chesapeake regions set up their colonies, they became entirely different societies. One was community based, while the other sought gold and wealth; in one region a poor person had the same opportunities are a wealthy person, while in another place they could not; and one came seeking religious freedom while the other came for gold.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Chesapeake vs. New England

    ...Chesapeake vs. New England The majority of those who settled New England and the Chesapeake Colonies were from England however, both groups came to the New World for different reasons, settled different areas, and therefore upheld two distinct societies. New England settled for religious reasons Back home in England the Puritans, who wanted t...

    Read More
  • New England vs. Chesapeake Dbq

    ...Document-Based Question: New England and the Chesapeake Region Alec Brevé AP US History September 13th, 2011 7th Period The Chesapeake Region and New England both started as English colonies, but by the 1700’s they had already become two completely different societies. The so-called “Chesapeake Region” was born with the foundatio...

    Read More
  • New England and Chesapeake DBQ

    ...By 1700, the New England and Chesapeake region evolved into two distinct colonies although both were settled by people of the English origin. One of the major distinctions between the two colonies is the populations of the two regions were settled by different people. New England and Chesapeake also had different reasons for settlement in these ...

    Read More
  • New England & Chesapeake DBQ

    ...Differences between New England and Chesapeake Colonies – DBQ By the 1700s, Colonial America was a diverse society; the northern colonies of New England and the southern colonies of the Chesapeake region, although mainly made up of British settlers, were already becoming distinct areas unlike any seen before this time. However, they share...

    Read More
  • Dbq New England vs. Chesapeake Essay Example

    ...DBQ New England vs. Chesapeake The differentiating religious beliefs, political structures, and interests forced the formation of two distinct societies in the New England and the Chesapeake region. The New England region migrated in family clusters as for the Chesapeake they were primarily made up of single men, which led to the difference i...

    Read More
  • New England Settlers vs. the Chesapeake Settlers Dbq

    ...named the Indies. English migration to the Chesapeake region spread over nearly a century, whereas voyagers to New England arrived within a single decade. One would think that since the English settled both of these regions, both of their societies would develop quite similarly, but one could not be more wrong. The variations of the societies...

    Read More
  • Chesapeake Bay and New England Dbq Essay Example

    ...colonies of Chesapeake Bay and New England came to the New World for two different reasons. These differences were noticeable in social structure, economic outlook, and religious background. As the colonies were organized the differences were becoming more and more obvious and affected the way the communities prospered. These differences are ev...

    Read More
  • The New England and the Chesapeake Regions Dbq

    ...typical religious spirit and family oriented lifestyle in New England set itself apart from the Chesapeake region, whose fertile land and extended growing season attracted a distinct group of diverse settlers who had different political ideas about government. These unique societies had different reasons for coming to the new world as well. The ...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.