DBQ essay

Topics: Arrian, Alexander the Great, Jhelum River Pages: 5 (1665 words) Published: October 28, 2014
2. What terms in the question need to be defined ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Document A - Geography Document Analysis l. When Alexander and his army invaded Asia in 334 BCE, where did they first meet serious Persian resistance ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. How many times does the city name Alexandria appear on the map ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. How can you use the map to argue that Alexander was great ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. How can you use the map to argue that Alexander was not great ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Document B Historians Account (Note Lucius Flavius Arrianus, the historian of the next document was known as Arrian, and was a Greek philosopher and historian who lived some 400 years after the time of Alexander. His book is considered the best account of Alexanders reign) Alexander pitched camp on the bank of the Hydaspes (hay-das-pees_ and Porus was to be seen on the other bank with his whole army and his forces of elephants. He realized that he could not cross at the point where Porus was encampedhis elephants were too numerous. . . When Alexander saw this, he decided to move his troops in all different directions so that Porus would keep puzzled. . . At night he would take most of his cavalry to various points along the river bank where he would create a clamour, raise the war cry and produce all other such noises as would come from men preparing to cross the river. Porus would actually parallel his movements on the other side, leading his elephants toward the shouting, and Alexander got him into the habit of making these corresponding movements. This actually went on for quite a long time until Porus no longer reacted. Editors Note Arrian then writes that Alexander, leaving 5,000 armed men in full view opposite Poruss camp, led a force exceeding 10,000 foot soldiers, archers, and cavalry and crossed the river about ten miles upstream. Rafts for ferrying the men were made from hides wrapped around hay and sewn watertight. The crossing was further hidden by a midnight thunderstorm. Too late to stop the crossing, Porus arranged his army on a nearby plain and prepared for battle. The narrative continues The engagement was. Unlike any other previous battle. Poruss elephants were now boxed in, and the damage inflicted by them fell on friend no less than foe, with men trampled under as the beasts twisted and turned. Most of the drivers of the elephants, too, had been brought down by spears. Eventually the animals grew tired and their charges lost vigor. Alexander then threw his cavalry in a circle around the entire force, and ordered the infantry to lock shields, to group tightly and to advance as a phalanx. At this juncture, the Indians broke and ran. Document B Historians Account Questions 1. Where is the Hydaspes River ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. Explain how Alexanders army was able to cross before Porus was able to react ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. How was Alexander able to turn Poruss elephants into a kind of war weapon...
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