By the 1700s, many people of the English origin had migrated to colonies in the “New World” such as New England and the Chesapeake region. The New England colonies and the Chesapeake region, although both settled by English Colonies, developed two very different societies with distinct characteristics. The difference in the developments of these regions was caused mainly by different motives for exploration and settlement.
The Chesapeake region of the “New World” was colonized by settlers who were looking to benefit the motherland. As seen on “The Sources Ship List of Emigrants Bound for Virginia,” the Chesapeake region was originally populated by mostly men. This is purely because the settlements on the Chesapeake were thanks to economic motives stemmed from the Motherland. A good example of this, is Jamestown. The first trip to Jamestown included a ship of all men, so there was little family life. Because there was no family life, this created a very serious, economic based town with little sense of a community. They founded Jamestown on the Chesapeake Bay in hopes of mining gold and bringing it back as riches in England. As Captain John Smith says in Document F, “There was no talk… but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, load gold.” This proves that those living at the Chesapeake region had no initial desire to build a true community; but instead they wanted to use the land and its resources for the economic needs of the Motherland.
Unlike the Chesapeake region, the New England region was colonized because of religious means rather than economic purposes. New England includes Protestant regions such as the Protestant Colonies and the Plymouth colony. The Massachusetts Bay Colony is a widely known Protestant colony founded by John Winthrop, as stated in Document A. These people were strongly influenced by the teachings of John Calvin, which included the belief of predestination. They were unhappy with the Church of English and demanded reforms. As seen in...
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