David Lloyd George

Topics: David Lloyd George, World War I, House of Lords Pages: 3 (847 words) Published: December 11, 2013

Salon David Lloyd George
David Lloyd George, although born in Manchester on January 17, 1863, grew up in Caernarvonshire under the care of his uncle, who was a cobbler. He excelled in his studies which included learning Latin and French in order to qualify for legal training. Instead of becoming a lawyer he decided to venture into the world of politics and he became a liberal, he decision to do so was greatly influenced by the fact that his uncle was a liberal. In 1890, he was elected as a Member of Parliament for the Caernarvon boroughs in 1890, he was the youngest Member of Parliament, and he served for 55 years.

Lloyd George was made President of the Board of Trade in 1905, and after being successful in both legislation and trade relations, he was promoted to Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1908. As chancellor he put in place a range of social benefits such as old age pensions, unemployment benefits and sickness benefits. Reforms such as the Old Age Pensions Act of 1908 and the National Health Insurance Act of 1911 did much to aid the poorest in society and, therefore, the most vulnerable.

In 1909, Lloyd George’s ‘People’s Budget’ planned to introduce more and higher taxes on the rich which would help pay for more reforms that would be used to benefit the poor. The budget was rejected by the House of Lords after being passed by the House of Commons. This led directly to the Parliament Act of 1911 by which the Lords lost their power of veto. Lloyd George remained chancellor until 1915. He was soon appointed Minister of Munitions to deal with the crisis that was affecting the British on the Western Front, lack of ammunition, shells, and overall materials. His government during the war has been largely praised for its ingenuity in domestic schemes and policies, which were largely replicated in World War Two.

In December 1916, Herbert Asquith was replaced as Prime Minister of Britain by Lloyd George, because...

Citations: 1. "David Lloyd George (1863-1945)." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2013.
2. "David Lloyd George-Liberal 1916 to 1922." History of David Lloyd George- GOV.UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2013.
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