Data Sheet: The Importance of being Earnest
Title: The Importance of Being Earnest
Author: Oscar Wilde
Date of Publication: October 4, 2010
ISBN Number: 9780415043687
Genre: Social Comedy
Biographical Information about the Author:
The famous writer, Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde, was born October 16, 1854 and died November 30, 1900, but not before many of his works were published and recognised by many. Oscars father, William Wilde, was a doctor who founded St. Marks Ophthalmic Hospital at his own expense to treat the unfortunate. His mother, Jane Francesca Elgee, was a poet who did countless things that inspired Oscar to write. But Oscar had to earn his success like many others. He graduated from Enniskillen in 1871, with a Royal School Scholarship to Trinity College in Dublin, where he wrote the poem 'Ravenna' that won the new debate prize for best english verse composed by an Oxford undergraduate. After he finished school, Oscar moved to London with his friend Frank Miles. During this time he focused on writing poetry; publishing, in 1881, a book of his poems setting him up as an upandcoming writer. Oscar then went on a lecture tour where he met scholars and figures who inspired and helped him with his writing. On May 29, 1884 he married a wealthy Englishwoman Constance Lloyd. They had two sons; Cyril (1885), and Vyvyan (1886). He was then hired to run a magazine named 'Lady's World'. His next seven years became the years he went on a writing strike where he published his greatest works: the Happy Prince, And Other Tales, The Importance of being Earnest, Intentions, The Picture of Dorian Grey, and Lady Windermere's Fan. The Importance of being Earnest being his most famous play, and The Picture of Dorian Grey as his most famous Novel ever published. Also during those seven years Oscar had an affair with Lord Alfred Douglas, whose father found out and wrote Oscar a rude meaningful note on the subject. Oscar found it very disturbing and ended up suing Alfred's father for libel. The decision to sue his father was a big mistake on Oscars side. The case flipped around on him and he ended up in prison for two years for "gross indecency"; for being gay. After Oscars release in 1897 he lived very poorly, but still published one last book, 'The Ballad of Reading Gaol'. It was a book about his experiences while in prison. He died three years later at the age of forty six in Paris, France. These days Oscar Wilde is known for his most famous play and novel. His imprisonment was also an important part in history putting him on the timelines. These three things are the things that make Oscar wilde.
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Historical Information about the period of publication: (with MLA citation) The Importance of Being Earnest was written in 1893 and 1894. It was later first performed February 14, 1895, and published 1899. During this time France had recovered from the FrancoGerman War of 18701871. France had a rapid industrial growth of iron, and crude steel. And one last important fact about France was French banks invested abroad, The Trans Siberian Railroad being one of the investments.
"WHKMLA : History of France, The Economy 18901914." WHKMLA : History of France, The Economy 18901914. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 July 2014.
Characteristics of the Genre:
The social comedy genre is most famous for making its storylines about lies and mistaken identities, leading to an ironic ending that makes you laugh about how it all played out. Plot Summary: In act I Jack Worthing is a pillar in Hertfordshire who has created a fake brother named Ernest, who gives him an excuse to leave and do as he pleases every once in a while using Earnest as his ...
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