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Dairy Farming in India

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DAIRY FARMING
1. INTRODUCTION India derives nearly 33% of the gross Domestic population from agriculture and has 66% of economically active population,engaged in agriculture. The share of livestock product is estimated at 21% of total agriculture sector. The fact that dairing could play a more constructive role in promoting rural welfare and reducing poverty is increasly being recognised . Milk production alone involves more than 70 million producers, each raising one or two cows/ buffaloes primarily for milk production . The domesticated water buffalo is one of the gentlest of all farm animals ,hence it can be breeded easily. The dairy sector offers a good opportunity to entrepreneurs in India. India is a land of opportunity for those who are looking for new and expanding markets.Growth propsects in the dairy sector are very bright.

2. MARKET Dairy development in India has been acknowledged the world over as one of modern India"s most sucessful development programme. India is the second largest milk producing country with anticipated production of about 78 million tons during 19992000. The production of milk products stoood at 3.07 lakh tonnes in 1999-2000. Production ofmilk powder including infant milk food has risen to 2.25 lakh tons in 1999-2000, whereas that of malted food is at 65000 tons. Off late market for milk products is showing a steady increase.

3. MANUFACTURING PROCESS Modern and well established scientific principles ,practices and skills should be used to obtain maximum economic benefits from dairy farming. Some of the major norms and recomondationtions are: Care full selection of animals, feeding of animals,milking of animals

4. PRODUCTION CAPACITY PER ANNUM Capacity Selling Price 5. PROJECT COST/CAPITAL INVESTMENT
S.No Description

Rs.

28000 Ltrs per annum 16 Per kg

Amount Rs.

1 2 3

Preliminary & Preoperative Expns Fixed Capital Working Capital for Total Project Cost

1

month(s)

1500 440000 20200 461700

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Project Profiles

6. MEANS OF FINANCE
S.No Description %age Amount Rs.

1 2 3

Promoter Contribution Subsidy /Soft Loan Term Loan Total

15% 20% 65%

69255 92340 300105 461700

7. FINANCIAL ASPECTS A. FIXED CAPITAL i. Land and Buildings ii. Machinery and Equipment
S.No Description Qty. Rate Amount Rs.

Rented

1500 per month

1 2 3

Buffellows Shed Milk testing machine Total

Nos Lum

20 1 1

20000 20000 20000

400000 20000 20000 440000

B. WORKING CAPITAL i. Salaries & Wages (per month)
S.No Description Nos. Sal/mon. Amount Rs.

1 2 3

Supervisor/Entrepreneur Skilled Unskilled Total

1 1 2

2500 2000 1200

2500 2000 2400 6900

ii. Raw Material (per month)
S.No Description Unit Qty. Rate Amount Rs.

1

Feed Total

Kgs

2200

4

8800 8800

iii. Utilities (per month)
S.No Description Unit Amount Rs.

1 2

Power Water Total

LS LS

500 500 1000

iv. Other Expenses (per month)
S.No Description Amount Rs.

1 2 3

Postage & Stationery Expenses Transportation Expenses Miscellaneous Expenses Total

500 1000 500 2000

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Project Profiles

v. Total Working Capital (per month)
S.No Description Amount Rs.

1 2 3 4 5

Rent Salaries and Wages Raw Material Utilities Other Expenses Total

1500 6900 8800 1000 2000 20200

8. COST OF PRODUCTION (PER ANNUM)
S.No Description Amount Rs.

1 2 3

Total Working Capital Depreciation Interest Total

@ @

15% 12%

242400 66000 36013 344413

9. TURNOVER (PER YEAR)
S.No Description Unit Qty. Rate Rs. Amount Rs.

1 Total 10. FIXED COST (PER YEAR)
S.No Description

Ltrs per annum 28000

16

448000 448000

Amount Rs.

1 2 3 4 5

Depreciation Interest Rent Salaries & Wages @ Other Expenses incl. Utilities @ Total

40% 40%

66000 36013 18000 33120 14400 167533

11. PROFIT ANALYSIS & RATIOS 1 2 3 4 Net Profit Percentage of Profit on Sales Percentage of Return on Investment Break Even Point Rs. 103587 23% 22% 62%

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