CYP 3.7 – 3.3 – Explain the social and medical models of disability and the impact of each on practice.
A medical model wants to see a person's disability fixed, cured, the illness and individual controlled to the best of an ability, it can focus attention on the situation rather than the person and support judgment attitudes. The medical model provides diagnosis, labelling that supports treatments, medications, technology that improves value of life and provides an opportunity to enable access, remove barriers to participation.
Social model they excluded the fact that the problem with the individual disabled person but with society itself and the way it was run and controlled: Buildings were built in a way that there was no access for wheelchairs, the information was formed that disabled people could not use. Attitudes and stereotypes about a disabled person banned a disabled person from having the same choice as an able as any other person. Special services were created that kept disabled people cut off from everybody. To achieved all these equality by creating accessible buildings, creating information in different ways, challenging stereotypes, ending services that were set apart and a disabled person having full public rights under law.
Medical model is a disabled person was defined by their illness or medical condition. If they did not fit into society then they were kept isolated at home. A disabled person had no choices over what school they attended, what support they received, if they were allowed to work or not and what kind of work they could