The definition of safeguarding is “the process of protecting children from abuse or neglect, preventing impairment of their health and development, and ensuring they are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care that enables children to have optimum life chances and enter adulthood successfully.”1
TASK 1 – legislation, guidelines, policies & procedures for safeguarding children
Every element of a childcare professional’s job is important but the safety and wellbeing are paramount. If this element fails then the children are potentially at risk.
There are a number of legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures that are in place and are constantly being updated and amended. Laws are passed through Westminster in the UK and are called Statutory Law. Courts will then use this to determine how the offender has “broken the law” named Case Law. Due to the complexity of legislation, cases will sometimes uncover amendments that need to be made.
Law is then split into two areas; Civil Law and Criminal Law. Civil law covers Public Law (systems and processes, such as CRB checks) and Private Law (family issues such as divorce and contact). Below are some examples of Legislation that has been put in place to protect children.
Constant implementation of legislation, guidelines, polices, procedures and structures are needed to ensure they actually safeguard children. Unfortunately despite the production of legislation, guidelines and documents, children’s services do not always work together and sadly this resulted in the serious harm or death of some children. The cases resulted in reviews which have had an impact on how we safeguard children today.
Children and Young Persons Act 1933 – this is one of the first pieces of legislation that came into force for protecting children. Certain parts of this act are still in force today and the ‘Schedule One