4.1. Explain how routines are based on:
Meeting a child’s needs
Agreements with parents
Participation of children.
Routines should flow with the child’s needs. Babies and children are individuals first each with a unique profile and abilities. It is important that planning starts with the observation of each child in order to consider their interests, development and learning stage. Routines are set up by planning of a day by time, activity, etc. Children understand it as a routine; it is the way in which they learn what will or will not happen next. Routines are made by the child carer upon discussion and agreement with the parents. Routines are important for children because they need to know what’s coming next. If the routine is consistent, children learn the pattern. Once a pattern is set children can know for instance, that lunch comes after music time. This way, there aren’t too many unknowns. Routines help build trust between child care providers and children. Young children begin to understand that adults will take care of their needs on a regular basis. When children have too many unknowns, anxiety builds up and they start showing emotional reactions to the inconsistency. For instance, they may cry or become irritable and take it out on other people. If they don’t have regular routines it starts showing in different ways. Let’s say that a child is used to having lunch at 11:30 am every day. And for some reason, lunch is late and the child doesn’t get to eat until 1:00 pm. You may see the child crying and being irritable. You can try to talk to them, but they will no longer enjoy the things that they normally do. Breaking a schedule throws a child completely off. It’s especially important for child care providers to maintain consistent routines when caring for young children.
Parents should continue the consistency of the weekday routines when kids are at home. Parents will find that if the schedules are unpredictable on the weekends...
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