CYP core 3.1

Topics: Reflexes, Moro reflex, Reflex Pages: 5 (2595 words) Published: October 28, 2014

Child Development Task
(From Birth – 19 Years)
center850009088120September 21, 2014
Megan smith1000000September 21, 2014
Megan smith

New-born Reflexes
Root Reflex – This reflex is normally present from birth and begins when the baby’s mouth is touched. The baby with turn their head and open their mouth and “root” in the direction of the touching. This helps the baby find the bottle or breast to begin feeding. Suck Reflex – When the roof of a baby’s mouth is touched they will begin to suck. Premature babies often have a weak or immature sucking ability as this particular reflex does not begin until the 32nd week of pregnancy and is not fully developed until around 36 weeks. Moro Reflex – Also known as the startle reflex, occurs when a baby is startled by a sudden movement or loud sound. The baby will throw back their head, extend their arms and legs, cry and bring their arms and legs back in. This reflex lasts for around 5 to 6 months. Tonic neck Reflex – When a baby turns its head to one side, the arm on that side stretches out and the opposite arm bends up at the elbow. This is often called the "fencing" position. The tonic neck reflex lasts about 6 to 7 months. Grasp reflex - Stroking the palm of a baby's hand causes the baby to close his or her fingers in a grasp. The grasp reflex lasts until about 5 to 6 months of age. Babinski reflex - When the sole of the foot is firmly stroked, the big toe bends back toward the top of the foot and the other toes fan out. This is a normal reflex up to about 2 years of age. Step reflex - This reflex is also called the walking or dance reflex because a baby appears to take steps or dance when held upright with his or her feet touching a solid surface. Physical Development

The process and rate by which children grow and their increasing ability to carry out task using their motor skills, large and small muscles. Birth
Unable to raise head, Clench hands into fists, Head falls backwards if pulled to sit. Repeat body movements, tug on own hands, open eyes when held in an upright position, root reflex, sucking reflex, moro reflex, tonic neck reflex, grasp reflex, Babinski reflex, Close eyes to bright light. 0-3 months

Body is more relaxed (less scrunched up) Control over eye movement. Turns head in response to sound or to look at an object. Lower back still weak, Kicking legs, back and neck firm when sitting with support, grasping small objects such as rattles 3-6 months Can lift head and shoulders, Plays with Fingers, can roll over from front to back, can lift head and chest when lying on stomach, Grabs and plays with toes when lying on their back, bring objects to mouth when holding, 6-9 months Roll over front to back, back to front. Shake rattles, reach for objects, Sit up with support, do push ups i.e. support their self on outstretched arms, make attempt to crawl i.e. on all fours, crawl using just arms “commando”. Well established vision, pulls their self-up, palmer grasp. 9-12 months Grasps with thumb and index finger, wiggles and crawls, sits unsupported, visually attentive, stands holding furniture, may walk or begin to show signs or readiness, picks objects up with pincer grasp, holds bottle, releases toys and objects by dropping, looks for fallen objects. 12-18 months Holds own spoon, picks up small objects, builds 2 block tower, can crawl upstairs, can walk, stands holding furniture or stands alone. Crawl down the stairs backwards, turns pages in book, can place objects precisely, and Drinks from cup, Scribble with a big crayon, tip containers to get something out. 18-24 months Squats to pick up toys, jump with both feet, picks up objects without falling over, shows preference to one hand, Builds tower of 6 or more blocks, walk down steps with support, Paints with large brush, uses a fork, throw a ball. 2-3 years Kick a large ball, get up without using hands, can walk up and down stairs 2 feet per step, jump of low steps, can run, good pencil control, can pedal...
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