CYP CORE 3.1: 2.1 +2.2

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CYP CORE 3.1: Understand Child and Young Person Development

2.1 Children and young people have many different influences which affects their personal development. Their development can be affected by a range of personal factors. Genetics have a great influence over a child’s development. Genes passed on from the parents to the child determine whether the child will have any inherited disorders. For example, Down syndrome can be inherited from either one or both parents. (www.nhs.uk) “Children with Down Syndrome have some degree of learning disability and delayed development.” Often children with Down syndrome have short arms and legs and low muscle tone, affecting physical development. Due to their condition, learning comes harder to the child and so intellectual development is affected. As shown in learning outcome 1.2 of this unit, all areas of development affect the rest. Due to the lack of progress at a rate which is normative for the physical and intellectual development, the child’s holistic development is affected. From conception to birth, there are a range of factors which can influence a child’s development. This is related to the mother’s antenatal lifestyle. Her diet, if poor can affect the child’s development in the womb, leading to development problems later on in life. Similarly, whether the mother smokes or consumes alcohol during her pregnancy can affect the child’s development. The same goes if a mother is not fit and healthy during pregnancy. The actual time of the birth can affect the child’s development. If a baby is born prematurely, he or she may need intensive care and can have problems such as their brain not being fully developed. Quite obviously, this will have an effect on their development as a child. The health status of children is important and Meggitt et al (2011:67) “is determined by genetic inheritance as well as other factors, such as diet, environment and the health care they receive.” Children may find that their

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