Community schools - A community school in England and Wales is a type of state-funded school in which the local education authority (LEA) employs the school's staff, is responsible for the school's admissions and owns the school's estate.
Foundation/trust Schools -- are a kind of "maintained school", meaning that they are funded by central government via the Local Education Authority, and do not charge fees to students. As with voluntary controlled schools, all capital and running costs are met by the government. As with voluntary aided schools, the governing body employs the staff and has responsibility for admissions to the school, subject to rules imposed by central government. Pupils follow the National Curriculum. Some foundation schools, also called trust schools, have a foundation or trust that owns the land and buildings. Otherwise the governing body owns the land and buildings. The foundation usually appoints about a quarter of the school governors, as in voluntary controlled schools, but in some cases it appoints the majority of governors, as in voluntary aided schools.
Voluntary School - (VA school) is a state-funded school in England and Wales in which a foundation or trust (usually a religious organization), contributes to building costs and has a substantial influence in the running of the school. Such schools have more autonomy than Voluntary Controlled schools, which are entirely funded by the state. In most cases the foundation or trust own the buildings. In some circumstances Local Authorities can help the governing body in buying a site, or can provide a site or building free of charge. Voluntary Aided schools are a kind of "maintained school", meaning that they receive all their running costs from central government via the Local Authority. The majority are also faith schools.
Specialist Schools- Secondary Schools - The specialist schools program was a UK government initiative which encouraged secondary schools in England to specialize in certain areas of the curriculum to boost achievement. The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust was responsible for the delivery of the program. At the end of the status there were nearly 3,000 specialist schools, which was fully 88% of the state-funded secondary schools in England
Academy schools - are state funded schools in England, which are directly funded by central government (specifically, the Department for Education) and independent of direct control by the local authority. Academies are self-governing and all are constituted as non-profit charitable trusts. They may receive additional support from personal or corporate sponsors, either financially or in kind. They must meet the same National Curriculum core subject requirements as other state schools and are subject to inspection by Ofsted.
A Free School in England is a type of Academy, a non-profit-making, independent, state-funded school, which is free to attend, but which does a Local Authority not control. They are subject to the same School Admissions Code as all other State-funded schools. Like other types of academy, Free Schools are governed by non-profit charitable trusts that sign funding agreements with the Secretary of State. There are different model funding agreements for Single Academy Trusts and Multi Academy Trusts. There are currently 174 free schools in England with another 120 approved to open from September 2014. These make up 1% of all English schools.