Cybercrime encompasses any criminal act dealing with computers and networks. In addition, cybercrime also involves traditional crimes that take place on the Internet. These include; hate crimes, telemarketing and Internet fraud, identity theft, and credit card account thefts. They are committed intentionally against individuals or groups with a criminal motive to harm the victim 's name or cause physical or mental harm to the victim directly or indirectly. It can be through modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (Chat rooms, emails, notice boards, and groups) and mobile phones Dr. Debarati Halder and Dr. K. Jaishankar (2011).
Such crimes may threaten a nation’s security and financial stability. It is especially so when disclosure of such confidential information, lawfully or otherwise. New trends in cybercrime are emerging now and then, with costs to the global economy running high. Years back, cybercrime was committed mainly by individuals or small groups. However, today, criminal organizations working with criminally minded technology professionals to commit cybercrime, often to fund other illegal activities. Highly sophisticated, these cybercriminal networks bring together individuals from across the world in real time to commit crimes on an unusual scale.
Criminal organizations were turning increasingly to the Internet to facilitate their activities and maximize their profit within a short period. These crimes are not necessarily new – such as theft, fraud, illegal gambling, and sale of fake medicines. In any case, they are evolving in line with the opportunities presented online and therefore becoming more widespread and damaging. Cybercrimes that could be committed are many and of several types. Among them, pornography is among one of the worst and often its results. Also, identity theft, money laundering or phishing and cyber stalking could also be a result.
References: Cymru, T. (n.d.). Cybercrime. Queue, 24-24. Engdahl, S. (2010). Cybercrime. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press. Gillespie, A. (n.d.). Cybercrime. Gritzalis, D., & Tejay, G. (n.d.). Cybercrime in the Digital Economy - Editorial. Computers Security, 1-2. Poier, S. (n.d.). Questioning the “Crime” in Cybercrime. The Information Society, 270 272. Stefoff, R. (2009). Cybercrime. Tarrytown, N.Y.: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark. student - Research Papers - Usamajatoi2014. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Student-52592858.html What is Cyber Crime? Webopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved April 25, 2015, from http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/C/cyber_crime.html