Cybercrime law has been a trending topic in the social media and has made the netizens be more careful of their post. The #NonLibelousPost has been a trending topic. Netizens are using this hashtag to show that their post are non libelous. Screenshot of the social media networking site Facebook, as the Filipinos changed their profile pictures into black in protest against Cybercrime Prevention Law of 2012. The new Act received mixed reactions from several sectors upon its enactment, particularly with how its provisions could potentially affect freedom of expression, freedom of speech, and data security in the Philippines.
The Cybercrime law Act of 2012 is the first law in the Philippines which specifically criminalizes computer crime. The Act, criminalizes several types of offenses including illegal access (hacking), data interference, device misuse, cybersquatting, computer-related offenses such as computer fraud, content-related offenses such as cybersex and spam, and other offenses. The law also reaffirms existing laws against child pornography, an offense under Republic Act No. 9779, and libel, an offense under Section 355 of the Reversed Penal Code of the Philippines, also criminalizing them when committed using a coputer system. Finally, the Act provides for a "catch-all" clause, wherein all offenses currently punishable under the Reversed Penal Code are likewise punishable under the Act when committed using a computer, which corresponding stricter penalties then if the crimes were punishable under Reversed Penal Code alone.
This law aims to address legal issues concerning online interactions. On October 9, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Philippines issued a temporary restraining order, stopping implementation of Act for 120 days, and extended it on February 5, 2013 until further orders from the court. On May 24, 2013, the DOJ announced that provisions of the law have been dropped, namely, the contentious online libel provisions. On February 18,...
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