cyber crime

Topics: Malware, Computer crime, E-mail spam Pages: 24 (7320 words) Published: September 13, 2014
KPMG INTERNATIONAL

Issues Monitor
Cyber Crime –
A Growing Challenge for
Governments
July 2011, Volume Eight
kpmg.com

John Herhalt
Global Chair, Government

Keeping up to date with the very latest and most pressing
issues facing your organization can be a challenge, and
while there is no shortage of information in the public
domain, filtering and prioritizing the knowledge you need
can be time consuming and unrewarding. I hope that you
find Issues Monitor useful and we welcome the opportunity
to further discuss the issues presented and their impact on
your sector.

Welcome to the July edition of Issues Monitor – Government on Cyber Crime. Each edition pulls together and shares industry knowledge to help you quickly and easily get briefed on the issues that affect your sector.

© 2011 KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. All rights reserved.

Cyber crime – a growing
challenge for governments.
In a digital age, where online communication has become the norm, internet users and governments face increased risks of becoming the targets of cyber attacks. As cyber criminals continue to develop and advance their techniques, they are also shifting their targets — focusing less on theft of financial information and more on business espionage and accessing government information. To fight fast-spreading cyber crime, governments must collaborate globally to develop an effective model that will control the threat.

© 2011 KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity. Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated with KPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. All rights reserved.

2 | Issues Monitor: July 2011, Volume Eight

Introduction



In 2010, the global
spam rate increased
1.4 percent
year-on-year, to
89.1 percent.

.

Advancements in modern technology
have helped countries develop and
expand their communication networks,
enabling faster and easier networking
and information exchange. Currently,
there are nearly 2 billion internet
users and over 5 billion mobile phone
connections worldwide. Every day,
294 billion emails and 5 billion phone
messages are exchanged. Most
people around the world now depend
on consistent access and accuracy of
these communication channels.1
The growing popularity and
convenience of digital networks,
however, come at a cost. As

businesses and societies in general
increasingly rely on computers and
internet-based networking, cyber
crime and digital attack incidents have
increased around the world.2 These
attacks — generally classified as
any crime that involves the use of a
computer network — include financial
scams, computer hacking, downloading
pornographic images from the internet,
virus attacks, e-mail stalking and
creating websites that promote racial
hatred.3 The first major instance of
cyber crime was reported in 2000,
when a mass-mailed computer virus
affected nearly 45 million computer
users worldwide.4

Table 1: Types of cyber attacks5

Type of attack

Details

Viruses and worms

Viruses and worms are computer programs that affect the storage devices of a computer or network, which then replicate information without the knowledge of the user.6

Spam emails

Spam emails are unsolicited emails or junk newsgroup postings. Spam emails are sent without the consent of the receiver — potentially creating a wide range of problems if they are not filtered appropriately.7

Trojan

A Trojan is a program that appears legitimate. However, once run, it moves on to locate password information or makes the system more vulnerable to future entry. Or a Trojan may simply destroy programs or data on the hard disk.8

Denial-of-service (DoS)

DoS occurs when...
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