Curriculum development paper
University of Phoenix
Developing and evaluating educational needs
December 03, 2011
Curriculum development paper
This paper develops a lesson plan for an education program. The education program focused for particular target audience-teenage mothers. According to McGrew, Shore (1991) teenage pregnancy is one of the most difficult issues for the teenagers, their families, and the community. The teenage parents are not ready for parenthood, and they drop off school to get a low paying job and never complete their education. Most of them are dependent on their parents for financial support making their parents stressed emotionally. The education program developed in this paper covers postpartum care, including educational needs and rational, learner outcomes for the lesson, learning objectives, learner characteristics, learner theory, content outline, evaluation methods, instructional materials, and resources and instructional methods. It identifies instructional materials used for teaching. Identification of the educational need and rational
Although the rate of pregnancy in the United States has been declining, it remains highest in developed world. According to Guttmacher Institute, (2011), 13% teens have vaginal sex by age 15 and each year almost 750,000 women aged 15-19 become pregnant and two thirds of teen pregnancies occur among 18-19 years of age. The Guttmacher Institute (2011) also says that 59% of pregnancies among 15-19 years olds in 2006 ended in birth and 27% in abortion. With these high statistics in mind it is very important to provide proper education in this field. They need to be taught proper practices in all aspects of pregnancy and birth, and to realize the dangers of abortion. After taking the above information in account, it becomes apparent to one that although the learning needs of this target group are high, there is not always the inclination or financial ability for teenage parents to further their studies meaning that in all probability their own children will be raised with less advantages than their peers. It also makes it more important for those who want to have further education to educate properly, so that they can pass on correct information to their peers and to their children. According to DeYoung (2009), the first step in the educational process is to assess readiness for learning and if the person is not ready to learn the sessions can be short and offered in series. The learning process may take little longer, but the information will be more beneficial for the learner (DeYoung, 2009). Objective and outcome for the lesson
Learner outcome and objectives for this lesson are diverse. Postpartum maternal wound care, care and treatment of infection in both mother and baby, correct infant feeding procedures, foods that should be eaten by the mother, sterilization of instruments, and water (many illnesses are contracted by contaminated water, immunization of infant, treating hemorrhaging after birth and educating about the risk of unsafe abortions are all the topics aim to teach the learner about. The need to register birth is also important and both medical staff and parents need to be trained on the importance of registration. Therefore, by the end of the course the learner should be able to do the following I. Safe methods of child delivery
II. Characteristics and potential complications of the three trimesters of pregnancy III. Safe methods of abortion
V. Infection control and treatment
VI. Wound care and treatment of hemorrhaging
VII. How to establish and maintain safe and hygienic feeding routines VIII. Pregnancy and post-partum self-care strategies
IX. Exercise to be used to prepare for delivery
X. Potential complications after birth and how to treat them...
References: DeYoung, S. (2009). Teaching strategies for nurse educators, (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Billings, D., Kowalski, K., & Billings, D. (2009). Teaching and learning in virtual worlds. Journal Of Continuing Education In Nursing, 40(11), 489-490. doi:10.3928/00220124-20091023-04
Facts in American teens sexual and reproductive health [Facts on American]. (2011, August). In Guttchmar Institute. Retrieved December 5, 2011, from http://http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/FB-ATSRH.html
Smith, M. K. (2002) 'Malcolm Knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and andragogy ', the encyclopedia of informal education, www.infed.org/thinkers/et-knowl.htm.
McGrew, M. C., & Shore, B. (1991). The problem of teenage pregnancy. Journal of family practice. doi:10380944
Berck, R. A. (2005). Survey of 12 strategies to measure teaching effectiveness. International journal of teaching and learning in higher education, 17(1), 48-62. doi:ISSN 1812-9129
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