CURRENT TRENDS AND ISSUES IN FOOD TECHNOLOGY
Nutritional Status of People
For thousandths of years our lives have hinged on our ability to find sufficient food for survival. While the world can produce enough food for every human being, there are still individuals who are literally starving to death.
Factors Influencing Food Choice
1. Food availability
You can only choose what to eat from the foods that are available to you. There are a number of factors that influence the types of foods available on the market: agricultural factors, imports, ease of transportation, available food manufacturing facilities and technology. The marketplace provides an environment where food is displayed for sale. 2. Food acceptability
Foods may be readily available to consumers, but the final decision about what foods to eat is based upon what each individual considers to be acceptable. 3. Knowledge of nutrition
Whether the choice of food available for selection is limited or infinite, the individual’s knowledge of nutrition will also determine if the right choice have been made in relation to good health.
What is Nutrition?
A word that comes from the Latin word nutrire, meaning ‘to nourish’ or ‘feed’. It’s about how and why we eat food, how our bodies digest and utilize food, how food affects our metabolism and how we dispose of bodily waste products. The study of nutrition also involves the nutritional requirements of each individual and the consequences to health when too much or too little of each nutrient is consumed. Nutrients are chemical substances that are present if foods.
Nutrional Guidelines for Pilipinos
Educating the public to make proper food choices that are appropriate in the cultural, economic, social and environmental conditions that exist has always been a difficult task and continues to be a challenge. Nutrition education still remains as the cornerstone to improving the nutritional status of the population in the long term. Disseminating simple and practical nutrition message that encourage individuals to consume an adequate and well-balanced diet together with a healthy lifestyle is therefore a most desirable objective. In their simplest form, these messages are called Nutritional Guidelines. The development of Nutritional Guidelines therefore is one of the key strategies to promote appropriate diets and related health practices to achieve the goal of improving the nutritional condition of the population.
10 Nutritional Guidelines For Pilipinos
1. Eat a variety of foods every day.
The human body needs more than 40 different nutrients for good health. No single food can provide all the nutrients in the amounts needed. Eat a variety of foods, to provide all the nutrients required in the proper amount and balance. 2. Breast-feed infants exclusively from birth to 4-6 months and then, give appropriate foods while continuing breast-feeding. Infants and children up to 2 years of age are most vulnerable to malnutrition. Breast-feeding is one of the most effective strategies to improve child survival. Nutritional requirements of an infant can be obtained solely from breast milk for the first 6 months of life. After that time, breast milk must be complemented with appropriate foods, but breast-feeding should be continued for up to 2 years of age or longer. The decision to breast-feed is made by the mother. Nonetheless, the husband and other family members, health workers, neighbors, community organizations, officemates and employers must encourage her to breast-feed her infant. 3. Maintain children's normal growth through proper diet and monitor their growth regularly. An adequate diet for an active child is one that promotes good health and normal growth. A well-nourished child is healthy, strong, and alert, has good disposition, and grows at a normal rate. A poorly nourished child exhibits sluggish if not permanently delayed physical and mental development. In addition, he is lethargic and frequently...
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