Current Health Status Of America S Hispanic Population

Topics: Health care, Medicine, Public health Pages: 5 (935 words) Published: March 22, 2015

Current Health Status of America’s Hispanic Population

Current Health Status of America’s Hispanic Population Kathy Curtis
NRS-429V Family Centered Health Promotion
Current Health Status of America’s Hispanic Population
The Hispanic/Latino population of the United States is growing to be largest ethnic group in the country. This population faces barriers to health and well-being, also known as structural violence. “Compared with other groups in the United States, the Hispanic population is least likely to have medical care benefits such as health insurance, Medicaid, and regular sources of care. Consequently, Hispanics have less access to preventative and primary health care and lower rates of usage of needed health services.” (Aguirre-Molina, 1993)

Current Health Status of American Hispanics
The five leading causes of death for the Hispanic/Latino population are cancer, heart disease, unintentional injuries, stroke and diabetes respectively. This population is also at risk for and disproportionately affected by asthma, chagas disease, HIV/AIDs, obesity, teen pregnancy, smoking and Tabaco use and infant mortality. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the percentage of Hispanics in the United States that are in fair or poor health is 10.3%. Hispanic American Definition of Health Promotion

According to a study conducted by the APHA (Public Health and Human Rights Association) that assessed Hispanics’ preferred health promotion strategies, health education programs in Spanish at schools, churches, and community centers are the preferred health promotion intervention strategy (61.5%). “Other strategies in order of importance included receiving health education through television and radio in Spanish (31.8%), hospitals or community health centers (31.3), ESL programs (25.8), mail (31.2), printed media (29.1), and home visits (16.9) with some significant variations depending upon the length of stay in the US, level of education, and income.” (APHA, 2006)

Health Disparities of Hispanic Americans
In 2010 the largest prevalence’s of diabetes were among Hispanic and non-Hispanic African American adults, as compared with prevalence’s among white and non-Hispanic adults. The prevalence of obesity among female Mexican American adults during 2007-2010 was larger than the prevalence among female white, non-Hispanic adults during the same years. In 2010, Hispanic adults continued to have a substantial rate of HIV infection compared with white adults. The teenage birth rate among Hispanic females between 15 and 19 years of age were twice that of non-Hispanics in 2010. In 2010, a smaller percentage of Hispanic adults as compared to non-Hispanic adults were up to date with colorectal cancer screenings or influenza vaccines. In 2011, a larger number of Hispanic adults compared with non-Hispanic adults were without health insurance, did not complete high school, had incomes less than that of the federal poverty level, were unemployed and were employed in high-risk occupations. Obtaining medical care in the U.S. is substantially more difficult for those non-English speaking individuals. “Those who spoke English in the Hispanic/Latino home constituted 13.0 percent of U.S. residents 5 and older”. (The United States Census Bureau, 2014).

Effective Approaches for Health Promotion among the Hispanic Population
It is my belief that the primary level of health promotion and prevention for the Hispanic population needs to begin in the public grade schools. These health promotion prevention programs should include information that can be taken home and shared with the student’s family in English and Spanish. This written information should detail proactive health activities, proper nutrition and basic health information. This health and wellness information can then be shared and incorporated through-out the Hispanic family, thus providing better health outcomes in a...

References: Aguirre-Molina, M, Ramirez, and A, Ramirez, M. Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Strategies. Public Health Rep. 1993 Sep-Oct; 108(5): 559–564.
APHA, Nov. 2006. Referenced from on Feb. 22, 2015.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Feb. 6, 2015. Health of Hispanic or Latino Population. Referenced from on Feb. 22, 2015.
The United States Census Bureau. Sept. 2014. Facts for Features: Hispanic Heritage Month 2014: Sept. 15–Oct. 15. Referenced from ttp:// on Feb. 22, 2015.
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