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Trade was the main form of economic structure for the Native Americans. They traded anything from food to wares to hunting weapons. (Schultz 2010) It began more like a socialist nation where everyone worked for the good of the village and all products were shared with the whole community (Schultz 2010). With the equality everyone shared the work to help the community (Schultz 2010). With the tobacco they brought with them from Europe they cultivated a new species of the tobacco which became a successful commodity in England allowing them to bring slaves in to help cultivate the crop (Schultz 2010). As with many areas with many different societies they developed trade routes for livestock, animals used for transportation, or precious metals. (Schultz 2010) Political Structure
Many of the tribes formed a “Haudenosaunee Confederation” that allowed them to form Nations that allowed them to keep peace between the tribes. (Schultz 2010) The Puritans where not Democratic but rather closer to Dictatorship with the church in control forcing the people to adhere to a specific religion (Schultz 2010). They had an extremely liberal government for their century with freedom of religion, equality, and willingness to have good relations with h Native Americans (Schultz 2010). It was a “Royal colony” controlled by King James who appointed a governor to oversee the land. They colonists would be allowed to self-govern yet still answer to the king (Schultz, 2012). There was no one central leader but many different “Kingdoms” that traded with each other. Being matrilineal meant women were involved in politics (Schultz 2010).. Social System
Most tribes where a clan based system, meaning they divide into large family group with a matrilineal life. This meant the children followed their mother more than their father and women had more control while he men hunted, fished and were off in war. (Schultz 2010) The village was surrounded by the farmland in which everyone worked. Land was divided upon family sizes and needs. Those family what were successful and had plenty had to give back to the community by helping the poor (Schultz 2010). The Quakers did not believe in class distinction thus allowing women to be involved with the laws of the community (Schultz 2010). Mostly small villages with several small farms of indentured servants. Few full families and mostly single males for labor (Schultz, 2012). Like the Native Americans they formed large groups that where divided into smaller groups. Unlike the Native Americans they had a class system with noble men and priests at the top and farmers and slaves at the bottom. They also used the matrilineal life. (Schultz 2010). Cultural Values
The main cultural value that most tribes had was respect to nature. There was a fair amount of give and take living with the land. They took only what they needed and offered their gods some of their harvests or hunts in return. (Schultz 2010). Their culture was mostly based on keeping to their idea of what God wanted. There was emphasis on family and fallowing the bible. The church held the power and forced everyone to follow their rules (Schultz 2010). Their cultural values came from their belief that everyone was equal with no single person having more power than any other. They valued worship and close families. The use of cheap labor to help with the tobacco crops while expanding the colonies. The cultural value was the way they treated slaves. Not just used for labor and allowed to earn their freedom many were even slaves of their own free will to pay off depts. They were treated like any other citizen of their culture (Schultz 2010). Religion
Most Native Americans where one of two religions either polytheistic (many deities) or animistic (souls or supernatural beings inhabit all things)...
References: Schultz, K. M. (2012). HIST2, Volume 1 (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
Indentured servant. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged. Retrieved October 29, 2013, from Dictionary.com website:
Ushistory.org. (2013). Indentured Servants. Retrieved from http://www.ushistory.org/us/5b.asp
Slaves. (n.d.). Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition. Retrieved October 29, 2013, from Dictionary.com
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