Culture And Personality

Satisfactory Essays
Culture and Personality

National Character
(18 century to 1960’s)

• National Character Relatively enduring personality characteristics an patterns that are modal among the adult members of the society. • Experimental psychology and psychoanalysis of cultures
• National Character remained simplistic stereotypes Quantitative Approach
(from 1960 to Present)
• Statistical Analysis
• Adoption of a Trait perspective in understanding Personalities
• Identification of common dimensions of culture. Dimensions of Personality
• Trait Psychology – Individual differences in enduring dispositions are assessed
• Since 1980 Trait Psychology has become the focus of Personality Research.

Five Factor Model
• 5 major personality factors
• These factors were consistently found in adults and adolescents, men and women, and self reports and observer ratings.
• Measured mainly using NEO personality
Inventory (NEO-PI-R)
• Each factor having six specific traits or facets.

NEO Personality Inventory






Neuroticism
Extraversion
Openness to experience
Agreeableness
Conscientiousness

NEO Personality Inventory
• Individual differences in these factors are stable throughout most of the adult life span.
• The five factors and their traits are strongly heritable. McCrae and Costa
• Attitudes, values, habits and skills form
Characteristic adaptations of a person.
Personality traits and culture interact to shape behavior of individuals and personality groups.
• Personality traits are biologically based dispositions • They appear to transcend Culture.

What is Culture





Collective Programming of the mind.
Culture is a collective attribute
Culture is manifested in behaviors.
Culture is common to some but not all people.

Determining dimensions of Culture
• Societies classified based on anthropology, degree of economical-technological evolution etc. • Multidimensional Theoretical models not clear about levels of analysis where they apply.
• Multidimensional Theoretical

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