Cultural Studies of Uluru

Topics: Culture, Sociology, Cultural studies Pages: 5 (1643 words) Published: August 25, 2013
An understanding how culture affects people’ life is crucial to assist human kinds to develop a sociological imagination. As the society become more diverse, and the communication among members of international are more frequent, the need to appreciate diversity and to understand how other people view their world has also increased (Samovar & Porter as cited in Lamont, 2000, p.603). This indicates that culture is essential for individual survivals and their communication with other people. This essay will investigate the expected behaviour of visitors to Uluru from the local Aboriginal perspectives by using the discipline of cultural studies. An attempt is also made to determine how the behaviour has been changed from the attitude before 2005 as well as to explore the importance for tourism suppliers to understand the difference. Cultural studies are closely related to sociology. Sociology is one of the most contributions to leisure studies in the context of multidisciplinary environment including sociology, psychology, economics, politics and geography (Lynch & Jonson as cited in Kelly, 2001, p.159). Sociology plays a significant role in assisting people to understand structure of the society and its impacts to human behaviours and life changes of individuals. Lynch and Veal (2012) defined sociology as the study of society, of organised groups of human beings in various size and structures between the family and the neighbourhood, and from urban and rural societies to the state of nationality and beyond (p.116). Gillespie (1999) also claimed that sociology inspected the ways of organising the society into groups, communities, social categories such as class, race, age and gender and several organised establishment such as religious, economic and political institutions, which influence individual motivations, attitudes, behaviours and opportunities (p.293). This means sociology refers to the study of organisation, institutions and society development which affect the functioning of the society and human social behaviours. One of the most important areas studied in examining social dynamics is culture. Culture means different things to different individuals in different places as it is a broad concept including traditions and beliefs that connect people together. Middleton (2002) clarified that culture combined a complex set of traditions, customs, values, beliefs, knowledge and skills shared by individuals as the members within the society (p.4). It determines the sum of learned behaviours that are considered to be the tradition of organised group of individuals and transmitted from generation to generation (Smith, Rodríguez, & Bernal, 2011, p.168). This indicates that culture identifies the characteristics of the particular groups of people which are based on language, social habits, religion, cuisine, values, learned behaviours, knowledge and skills. Therefore, it can be said that culture is concerned with the science of anthropology as sense of ‘way of life’ and life style so the relationship to leisure is increasingly significant due to leisure circumstances becoming culturally important in societies as well as economies (Lynch & Veal, 2012, p.119). Way of life refers to cultural norms and traditions, while lifestyle refers to the range different leisure choices, styles, tastes that are connected to the sense of individual, group or national identity (Flynn as cited in Dewar, 2011, p.191). This signifies that leisure is the key aspect of culture as it is central in everyday ‘way of life’ by means of traditions and the creation of different life styles as new practices. In short, cultural studies are closely relevant to sociology but it is also related to humanities as ‘way of life’ and the relationship with leisure therefore increasingly important. Cultural study discipline is crucial to investigate the perspectives of Anangu who are Traditional Aboriginal Owners in relation to the expected behaviours...
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