Cultural Psych Notes W

Topics: Emotion, Culture, Psychology Pages: 16 (6615 words) Published: April 20, 2015
Cultural Psychology Notes

1. Understanding Cross-Cultural Psychology
a. Culture
i. Definition: Set of attitudes, behaviors, symbols shared by a large group of people b. Cross-cultural psychology
i. Definition: Critical and comparative study of cultural effects on human behavior in relation to psychology? c. How do they differ?
i. Cultural psychology seeks to discover meaningful links between culture and psych of individual ii. Human behavior is meaningful only when viewed in sociological context d. Define the following:

i. Race: Share similar physical and generic characteristics 1. What are the racial categories in the US?
a. White, Native American, Asian, Hispanic, Black
b. Mixed falls under ‘other’ on forms/applications (graph population: down below) c. How will it change culture? Nation will change with increase in minority (example: politics) d. Minority: definition- not white (or ‘lesser population’) ii. Ethnicity: Cultural heritage shared with and also sharing common ancestral origin (language and religion) iii. Nationality: Group of people make legit and independent state share common geographical location (origin, history, and often language) e. Population of US

g. Knowledge in cross-cultural psychology
i. Scientific: Facts based on research
ii. Popular Beliefs: Stereotypes (example: religion, race); not fact iii. Ideological & Value-based knowledge: Tradition, beliefs set on world, wrong/right, purpose of life iv. Legal Knowledge: Anything turned into law

v. Ideological and Legal Knowledge are linked: what’s wrong/right -> morals turned into law vi. Impact of knowledge in cross cultural psychology: Knowledge- popular, ideologically, scientific, legal -> culture -> individual behavior (mixture, not strictly bound to any forms ind. behavior) (ex: theft) h. Defining Culture

i. Traditional Culture: based largely on beliefs, rules, symbols and principles (ex: church- christian sundays, catholicism) ii. Non-traditional Culture: based largely on modern beliefs, rules, symbols and principles; within 1-2 generations (ex: LGBTQ newer than catholicism) iii.

i. Individual behavior (Theft Example)
i. Individualism: concern of welfare for self and family (High) ii. Collectivism: concern of welfare for community (opposite of Individualism) (Low) iii. Power distance: acceptance of power distributed unevenly in society (Low) iv. Uncertainty avoidance: how one feels when uncomfortable about not knowing something (High) v. Uncertainty orientation: how you handle not knowing (High) vi. ^ ------------->

l PowerRelationships
l SubordinationHarmony
l AchievementEquality
Vertically Oriented Horizontally Oriented
(ex: workplace, individual) (ex: workplace, family)
Try to balance for Individual Behavior
j. Cultural Syndromes: definition- pattern of shared attitudes, beliefs, values, etc. that is organized around a theme and shared by people of a culture i. Examples:
1. Tightness: rules and norms applied to social situations and sanctions applied to those who violate norms (ex: girl code) 2. Cultural complexity: number of different cultural elements; activity and passivity (thought v. action) 3. Honor: attitudes and practices that support aggressive actions in the name of self protection k. Approaches to cross-cultural psychology

i. Evolutionary: how does evolution effect human behavior, culture is just a form of existence that provides for fundamental human needs and subsequent goals ii. Ecocultural: you put something in and get something else out; reciprocal interaction between individual and environment iii. Sociological: broad social structures that influence society (ex: gender roles) iv. Integrative approach

Psychological phenomina
studied in CC Psych
l ^
v l
l ^activity: individual’s goal directed ^l
v linteraction with environment lv...
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