Cultural Diversity in Health Care

Topics: Health care, Health, Illness Pages: 5 (1555 words) Published: February 17, 2013
Cultural Diversity in Health Care

Heritage Assessment Tool
This tool is a helpful way to evaluate a person as a whole because it reflects on the individual’s cultural background and ethnicity. The questions were focused on how the individual grew up as a child; progressing to adulthood and the age he/she came to the United States. This is a very important question to incorporate in the study matter because it shows how long the individual practiced the kind of culture that he/ she was in. Closeness of family kin is also an important determinant in shaping the individual’s values and behaviors. Having family members around while growing up and having the same religion reinforces the individual’s beliefs, practices, and diets. Religion also plays a role in the community by means of sharing knowledge in accordance with the bible. Holiday celebrations, festivities and church gatherings are avenues that invite family members to share customs and practices. Food preferences and choices also depend on the environment where the individual resides. For example, most Asians were accustomed to eating rice because it is a grain that grows abundant in that part of the world. Native language is also a basis of social identity. An individual is more likely to have more interaction with the same people who speaks the same native language. Comparisons of Differences in the Meaning of Health

African-American family
Health Maintenance:
In an African perspective, health is seen as harmony of body, mind and soul with nature. Illness happens when the balance is disturbed and a cure is needed to restore this harmony. Health Protection:

This includes wearing of charms and amulets. This can be a silver dime (believed to turn black if there is impending harm); an amulet of asafetida, which appears like rotten flesh and resembles a dried-out sponge that can be worn around the neck (believed to protect against contagious diseases); and silver bracelets (believed to provide early warning of an illness in which the skin around it will turn black). Health restoration:

An event like illness is seen as either natural or unnatural. Natural illness happens when a person fails to manage or oversee the body processes properly. The body is seen as under prepared with the forces of the nature. Examples such as the overuse of laxatives to help expel dirt (which is believed to be associated with germs that circulate in the body via the blood) from the body, and eating of clay when pregnant is believed to be beneficial in both mom and unborn baby (believed to be rich in iron). Unnatural illnesses are caused by evil influences (God’s withdrawal if a person fails to amend His way) or even sorcery (voodoo). Supernatural healers (selected by God at birth) are believed to be the only one who can treat unnatural (magical) illnesses. Voodooists are known for reading animal bones. The patient arranges the bones on the floor and the voodooist interprets it and linked it to the physical traits or body parts of that patient. Asian-American family

Health Maintenance:
Most Asians define health based on the harmonious balance of forces between the yin (cold) and yang (hot). Illness is seen as the imbalance of these two forces. Lowering the strong trait and increasing the weak trait can achieve cure. Health Protection:

Asians believe that ancestors are links to religion and belief system. This also relates to how they approach health, illness and cures. Colorful and decorative altars with fruit and flower offerings in Asian homes symbolizes honor to those ancestors, who are asked to look after the members of the family, prevent and cure illness. Religion also plays a big role in the Asian culture. A typical Asian asks God for protection and guidance in his/her daily life. Health restoration:

Over its 2500 years of development, a wealth of experience has accumulated in the practice of acupuncture, attesting to the wide range of diseases and conditions that...

References: World Health Organization. 2002. Acupuncture : Review and Analysis of Reports on Controlled Clinical Trials (accessed Jan. 18, 2013)
Medical (2013). Mal de ojo. (accessed Jan 18, 2013)
Trotter RT, Chariva JA (1997). Curanderismo.: Mexican American Folk Healing. (pg. 25)
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