Cultural Diversity

Topics: Sociology, Jacques Lacan, Ottoman Empire Pages: 4 (817 words) Published: February 24, 2013
Cultural diversity in the Mediterranean I

1- Culture and identity:
Cultural identity as a construct:
Identitas (lat. = the same): Nature is the same and it evolves at the same time Being and becoming
Meaning and experience
Social constructionim: “It is concerned with showing how members of a group go about constructing a world of common experience” (David L. Preston)

Internalized attitudes and behaviors

The Big Other (Lacan and Zizek):

“ The [Big Other] is the symbolic order, society’s unwritten constitution, is the second nature of every speaking being : it is here, directing and controlling my acts ; it is the sea I swim in, yet it remains ultimately impenetrable – I can never put it in front of me and grasp it. It is as if we, subjects of language, talk and interact like puppets, our speech and gestures dictated by some nameless all-pervasive agency.” (Zizek)

The concept of “habitus” (Bourdieu, The social construction of reality):

“Habitus is a cultural unconscious that organizes perception and thus determines – we should say overdetermines – the actions that constitute fields” (Richard Widick)

Language, body,
Social reproduction as mechanisms by which a social order perpetuates itself

Social constructivism:

“Universal human nature is not a very human thing. By acquiring it, the person becomes a kind of construct, built up not from inner psychic propensities but from moral rules that are impressed upon him from without. These rules, when followed determine the evaluation he will make of himself and of his fellow participants in the encounter, the distribution of his feelings, and of his fellow practices he will employ to maintain a specified and obligatory kind of ritual equilibrium.” (Goffman)

Ritual: repetition

Culture and dynamic identities:
_ Are we all the same?
Sharing/identity and difference
Artistic creation: celebrating “the genes of the soul” (Amin Maalouf)...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about Cultural Diversity in an Organization
  • Importance of Diversity Essay
  • Future of Cultural Diversity Essay
  • Cultural Diversity in Mauritius: Myth or Reality? Essay
  • Cultural Diversity & Today's Teacher Essay
  • Essay about Thinking About Diversity
  • Managing Cultural Diversity in the Workplace Essay
  • Essay on Equality And Diversity 2 Units

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free